Commit Graph

11 Commits (08c0c4c1b41b3e7d18b9c3fa4a9bdfa42b5f491c)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Anton Blanchard 21f482f967 Reformat testbenches
Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras b5a7dbb78d core: Remove fetch2 pipeline stage
The fetch2 stage existed primarily to provide a stash buffer for the
output of icache when a stall occurred.  However, we can get the same
effect -- of having the input to decode1 stay unchanged on a stall
cycle -- by using the read enable of the BRAMs in icache, and by
adding logic to keep the outputs unchanged on a clock cycle when
stall_in = 1.  This reduces branch and interrupt latency by one
cycle.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt b863791e38
icache: Fix icbi potentially clobbering the icache (#192)
icbi currently just resets the icache. This has some nasty side
effects such as also clearing the TLB, but also the wishbone interface.

That means that any ongoing cycle will be dropped.

However, most of our slaves don't handle that well and will continue
sending acks for already issued requests.

Under some circumstances we can thus restart an icache load and get
spurious ack/data from the wishbone left over from the "cancelled"
sequence.

This has broken booting Linux for me.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
4 years ago
Anton Blanchard ab86b58d95 Exit cleanly from testbench on success
Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 3d4712ad43 Add TLB to icache
This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default.
Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along
with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be
translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache.
Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege
mode for instruction fetches.  This means that changes to MSR[IR]
or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an
isync, rfid, branch, etc.

The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction
address) to index the TLB.  The hash is an XOR of three fields of the
address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and
24--29 of the address.  TLB invalidations simply invalidate the
indexed TLB entry without checking the contents.

If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a
fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it
into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST.  That will get
sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction
Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception.

One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an
instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3).  If bit 3
is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to
fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED.  Any PTEs
with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put
into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any
context.

Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection.

Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 8e0389b973 ram: Rework main RAM interface
This replaces the simple_ram_behavioural and mw_soc_memory modules
with a common wishbone_bram_wrapper.vhdl that interfaces the
pipelined WB with a lower-level RAM module, along with an FPGA
and a sim variants of the latter.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt b1424e859e icache_tb: Initialize stop_mark
Too much red in gtkwave..

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt f74e8a4f79 icache_tb: Improve test and include test file
The icache_test.bin file was missing. This adds it (along with a python3
script to generate it).

We also add better reporting on errors

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt d40c1c1a25 icache: Use narrower block RAMs
We only ever access the cache memory for at most the wishbone bus
width at a time. So having the BRAMs organized as a cache-line-wide
port is a waste of resources.

Instead, use a wishbone-wide memory and store a line as consecutive
rows in the BRAM.

This significantly improves BRAM usage in the FPGA as we can now use
more rows in the BRAM blocks. It also saves a few LUTs and muxes.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt d415e5544a fetch/icache: Fit icache in BRAM
The goal is to have the icache fit in BRAM by latching the output
into a register. In order to avoid timing issues , we need to give
the BRAM a full cycle on reads, and thus we souce the BRAM address
directly from fetch1 latched NIA.

(Note: This will be problematic if/when we want to hash the address,
we'll probably be better off having fetch1 latch a fully hashed address
along with the normal one, so the icache can use the former to address
the BRAM and pass the latter along)

One difficulty is that we cannot really stall the icache without adding
more combo logic that would break the "one full cycle" BRAM model. This
means that on stalls from decode, by the time we stall fetch1, it has
already gone to the next address, which the icache is already latching.

We work around this by having a "stash" buffer in fetch2 that will stash
away the icache output on a stall, and override the output of the icache
with the content of the stash buffer when unstalling.

This requires a rewrite of the stop/step debug logic as well. We now
do most of the hard work in fetch1 which makes more sense.

Note: Vivado is still not inferring an built-in output register for the
BRAMs. I don't want to add another cycle... I don't fully understand why
it wouldn't be able to treat current_row as such but clearly it won't. At
least the timing seems good enough now for 100Mhz, possibly more.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
4 years ago
Anton Blanchard 1e3e16e500 Add an icache testbench
Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago