This changes the way GPR hazards are detected and tracked. Instead of
having a model of the pipeline in gpr_hazard.vhdl, which has to mirror
the behaviour of the real pipeline exactly, we now assign a 2-bit tag
to each instruction and record which GSPR the instruction writes.
Subsequent instructions that need to use the GSPR get the tag number
and stall until the value with that tag is being written back to the
register file.
For now, the forwarding paths are disabled. That gives about a 8%
reduction in coremark performance.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

Instead of using the mask generator in the rounding process, this uses
simpler logic to add in a 1 at the appropriate position (bit 2 or bit
31, depending on precision) and mask off the low-order bits. Since
there are only two positions at which the masking and incrementing
need to be done, we don't need the full generality of the mask
generator. This reduces the amount of logic and improves timing.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

At present there is a state transition in the handling of the fmadd
instructions where the next state depends on the sign bit of the
multiplier result. This creates a critical path which doesn't make
timing on the A7-100. To fix this, we make the state transition
independent of the sign of the multiplier result, which improves
timing, but means we take one more cycle to do a fmadd-family
instruction in some cases.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

The masking enabled by opsel_amask is only used when rounding, to trim
the rounded result to the required precision. We now do the masking
after the adder rather than before (on the A input). This gives the
same result and helps timing. The path from r.shift through the mask
generator and adder to v.r was showing up as a critical path.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This moves longmask into the reg_type record, meaning that it now
needs to be decided a cycle earlier, in order to help timing.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This moves opsel_a into the reg_type record, meaning that the A
multiplexer input now needs to be decided a cycle earlier. This helps
timing by eliminating the combinatorial path from r.state and other
things to opsel_a and thence to in_a and result.
This means that some things now take an extra cycle, in particular
some of the exception cases such as when one or both operands are
NaNs. The NaN handling has been moved out to its own state, which
simplifies the logic for exception cases in other places. Additions
or subtractions where FRB's exponent is smaller than FRA's will
also take an extra cycle.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements fmadd, fmsub, fnmadd, fnmsub and their
single-precision counterparts. The single-precision versions operate
the same as the double-precision versions until the final rounding and
overflow/underflow steps.
This adds an S register to store the low bits of the product. S
shifts into R on left shifts, and can be negated, but doesn't do any
other arithmetic.
This adds a test for the double-precision versions of these
instructions.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements the floating square-root calculation using a table
lookup of the inverse square root approximation, followed by three
iterations of Goldschmidt's algorithm, which gives estimates of both
sqrt(FRB) and 1/sqrt(FRB). Then the residual is calculated as
FRB - R * R and that is multiplied by the 1/sqrt(FRB) estimate to get
an adjustment to R. The residual and the adjustment can be negative,
and since we have an unsigned multiplier, the upper bits can be wrong.
In practice the adjustment fits into an 8-bit signed value, and the
bottom 8 bits of the adjustment product are correct, so we sign-extend
them, divide by 4 (because R is in 10.54 format) and add them to R.
Finally the residual is calculated again and compared to 2*R+1 to see
if a final increment is needed. Then the result is rounded and
written back.
This implements fsqrts as fsqrt, but with rounding to single precision
and underflow/overflow calculation using the single-precision exponent
range. This could be optimized later.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements frsqrte by table lookup. We first normalize the input
if necessary and adjust so that the exponent is even, giving us a
mantissa value in the range [1.0, 4.0), which is then used to look up
an entry in a 768-entry table. The 768 entries are appended to the
table for reciprocal estimates, giving a table of 1024 entries in
total. frsqrtes is implemented identically to frsqrte.
The estimate supplied is accurate to 1 part in 1024 or better.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This just returns the value from the inverse lookup table. The result
is accurate to better than one part in 512 (the architecture requires
1/256).
This also adds a simple test, which relies on the particular values in
the inverse lookup table, so it is not a general test.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements floating-point division A/B by a process that starts
with normalizing both inputs if necessary. Then an estimate of 1/B
from a lookup table is refined by 3 Newton-Raphson iterations and then
multiplied by A to get a quotient. The remainder is calculated as
A - R * B (where R is the result, i.e. the quotient) and the remainder
is compared to 0 and to B to see whether the quotient needs to be
incremented by 1. The calculations of 1 / B are done with 56 fraction
bits and intermediate results are truncated rather than rounded,
meaning that the final estimate of 1 / B is always correct or a little
bit low, never too high, and thus the calculated quotient is correct
or 1 unit too low. Doing the estimate of 1 / B with sufficient
precision that the quotient is always correct to the last bit without
needing any adjustment would require many more bits of precision.
This implements fdivs by computing a double-precision quotient and
then rounding it to single precision. It would be possible to
optimize this by e.g. doing only 2 iterations of Newton-Raphson and
then doing the remainder calculation and adjustment at single
precision rather than double precision.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements the fmul and fmuls instructions.
For fmul[s] with denormalized operands we normalize the inputs
before doing the multiplication, to eliminate the need for doing
count-leading-zeroes on P. This adds 3 or 5 cycles to the
execution time when one or both operands are denormalized.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements fctiw, fctiwz, fctiwu, fctiwuz, fctid, fctidz, fctidu
and fctiduz, and adds tests for them.
There are some subtleties around the setting of the inexact (XX) and
invalid conversion (VXCVI) flags in the FPSCR. If the rounded value
ends up being out of range, we need to set VXCVI and not XX. For a
conversion to unsigned word or doubleword of a negative value that
rounds to zero, we need to set XX and not VXCVI.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This brings in the invalid exception for the case of frsp with a
signalling NaN as input, and the need to be able to convert a
signalling NaN to a quiet NaN.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements fcfid, fcfidu, fcfids and fcfidus, which convert
64-bit integer values in an FPR into a floating-point value.
This brings in a lot of the datapath that will be needed in
future, including the shifter, adder, mask generator and
count-leading-zeroes logic, along with the machinery for rounding
to single-precision or double-precision, detecting inexact results,
signalling inexact-result exceptions, and updating result flags
in the FPSCR.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This implements fmr, fneg, fabs, fnabs and fcpsgn and adds tests
for them.
This adds logic to unpack and repack floating-point data from the
64-bit packed form (as stored in memory and the register file) into
the unpacked form in the fpr_reg_type record. This is not strictly
necessary for fmr et al., but will be useful for when we do actual
arithmetic.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>

This adds the skeleton of a floating-point unit and implements the
mffs and mtfsf instructions.
Execute1 sends FP instructions to the FPU and receives busy,
exception, FP interrupt and illegal interrupt signals from it.
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>