Commit Graph

171 Commits (047be5c0c3b2f12c9321412518e17b7267fe14ea)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Paul Mackerras d0f319290f Restore debug access to SPRs
This provides access to the SPRs via the JTAG DMI interface.  For now
they are still accessed as if they were GPR/FPRs using the same
numbering as before (GPRs at 0 - 0x1f, SPRs at 0x20 - 0x2d, FPRs at
0x40 - 0x5f).

For XER, debug reads now report the full value, not just the bits that
were previously stored in the register file.  The "slow" SPR mux is
not used for debug reads.

Decode2 determines on each cycle whether a debug SPR access will
happen next cycle, based on whether there is a request and whether the
current instruction accesses the SPR RAM.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras fdb3ef6874 Finish off taking SPRs out of register file
With this, the register file now contains 64 entries, for 32 GPRs and
32 FPRs, rather than the 128 it had previously.  Several things get
simplified - decode1 no longer has to work out the ispr{1,2,o} values,
decode_input_reg_{a,b,c} no longer have the t = SPR case, etc.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 337b104250 Move LR, CTR and TAR out of the register file
By putting CTR on the odd side and LR and TAR on the even side, we can
read and write CTR for bdnz-style instructions in parallel with
reading LR or TAR for indirect branches and writing LR for branches
with LK=1.  Thus we don't need to double up any of these instructions,
giving a simplification in decode2.

We now have logic for printing LR and CTR at the end of a simulation
in execute1, in addition to the similar logic in register_file and

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras bc4d02cb0d Start removing SPRs from register file
This starts the process of removing SPRs from the register file by
moving SRR0/1, SPRG0-3, HSRR0/1 and HSPRG0/1 out of the register file
and putting them into execute1.  They are stored in a pair of small
RAM arrays, referred to as "even" and "odd".  The reason for having
two arrays is so that two values can be read and written in each
cycle.  For example, SRR0 and SRR1 can be written in parallel by an
interrupt and read in parallel by the rfid instruction.

The addresses in the RAM which will be accessed are determined in the
decode2 stage.  We have one write address for both sides, but two read
addresses, since in future we will want to be able to read CTR at the
same time as either LR or TAR.

We now have a connection from writeback to execute1 which carries the
partial SRR1 value for an interrupt.  SRR0 comes from the execute
pipeline; we no longer need to carry instruction addresses along the
LSU and FPU pipelines.  Since SRR0 and SRR1 can be written in the same
cycle now, we don't need the little state machine in writeback any

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 73cc5167ec Use FPU for division instructions if we have an FPU
- Arrange for XER to be written for OE=1 forms
- Arrange for condition codes to be set for RC=1 forms
  (including correct handling for 32-bit mode)
- Don't instantiate the divider if we have an FPU.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras a95f8aab38 FPU: Add integer division logic to FPU
This adds logic to the FPU to accomplish 64-bit integer divisions.
No instruction actually uses this yet.

The algorithm used is to obtain an estimate of the reciprocal of the
divisor using the lookup table and refine it by one to three
iterations of the Newton-Raphson algorithm (the number of iterations
depends on the number of significant bits in the dividend).  Then the
reciprocal is multiplied by the dividend to get the quotient estimate.
The remainder is calculated as dividend - quotient * divisor.  If the
remainder is greater than or equal to the divisor, the quotient is
incremented, or if a modulo operation is being done, the divisor is
subtracted from the remainder.  The inverse estimate after refinement
is good enough that the quotient estimate is always equal to or one
less than the true quotient.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras d1850fea29 Track hazards explicitly for XER overflow bits
This provides a mechanism for tracking updates to the XER overflow
bits (SO, OV, OV32) and stalling instructions which need current
values of those bits (mfxer, integer compare instructions, integer
Rc=1 instructions, addex) or which writes carry bits (since all the
XER common bits are written together, if we are writing CA/CA32 we
need up-to-date values of SO/OV/OV32).

This will enable updates to SO/OV/OV32 to be done at other places
besides the ex1 stage.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 9a8a8e50f8 FPU: Add stage-2 stall ability to FPU
This makes the FPU able to stall other units at execute stage 2 and be
stalled by other units (specifically the LSU).

This means that the completion and writeback for an instruction can
now end up being deferred until the second cycle of a following
instruction, i.e. the cycle when the state machine has gone through
IDLE state into one of the DO_* states, which means we need to latch
the destination FPR number, CR mask, etc. from the previous
instruction so that we present the correct information to writeback.

The advantage of this is that we can get rid of the in_progress signal
from the LSU.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras ef122868d5 Do CR0 setting for Rc=1 instructions in execute2 instead of writeback
This lets us forward the CR0 result to following instructions that
use CR, meaning they get to issue one cycle earlier.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras e030a500e8 Allow integer instructions and load/store instructions to execute together
Execute1 and loadstore1 now send each other stall signals that
indicate that a valid instruction in stage 2 can't complete in this
cycle, and hence any valid instruction in stage 1 in the other unit
can't move to stage 2.  With this in place, an ALU instruction can
move into stage 1 while a LSU instruction is in stage 2.

Since the FPU doesn't yet have a way to stall completion, we can't yet
start FPU instructions while any LSU or ALU instruction is in

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 4b6148ada6 Add a bypass path from the execute2 stage
This enables some instructions to issue earlier and thus improves
performance, at the cost of some extra multiplexers in decode2.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 3510071d9a Add a second execute stage to the pipeline
This adds a second execute stage to the pipeline, in order to match up
the length of the pipeline through loadstore and dcache with the
length through execute1.  This will ultimately enable us to get rid of
the 1-cycle bubble that we currently have when issuing ALU
instructions after one or more LSU instructions.

Most ALU instructions execute in the first stage, except for
count-zeroes and popcount instructions (which take two cycles and do
some of their work in the second stage) and mfspr/mtspr to "slow" SPRs
(TB, DEC, PVR, LOGA/LOGD, CFAR).  Multiply and divide/mod instructions
take several cycles but the instruction stays in the first stage (ex1)
and ex1.busy is asserted until the operation is complete.

There is currently a bypass from the first stage but not the second
stage.  Performance is down somewhat because of that and because this
doesn't yet eliminate the bubble between LSU and ALU instructions.

The forwarding of XER common bits has been changed somewhat because
now there is another pipeline stage between ex1 and the committed
state in cr_file.  The simplest thing for now is to record the last
value written and use that, unless there has been a flush, in which
case the committed state (obtained via e_in.xerc) is used.

Note that this fixes what was previously a benign bug in control.vhdl,
where it was possible for control to forget an instructions dependency
on a value from a previous instruction (a GPR or the CR) if this
instruction writes the value and the instruction gets to the point
where it could issue but is blocked by the busy signal from execute1.
In that situation, control may incorrectly not indicate that a bypass
should be used.  That didn't matter previously because, for ALU and
FPU instructions, there was only one previous instruction in flight
and once the current instruction could issue, the previous instruction
was completing and the correct value would be obtained from
register_file or cr_file.  For loadstore instructions there could be
two being executed, but because there are no bypass paths, failing to
indicate use of a bypass path is fine.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 521a5403a9 execute1: Rename 'r' to 'ex1'
Maybe this will give us slightly better names in critical path reports
and the like.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 813e2317bf execute1: Restructure to separate out execution of side effects
We now have a record that represents the actions taken in executing an
instruction, and a process that computes that for the incoming
instruction.  We no longer have 'current' or 'r.cur_instr', instead
things like the destination register are put into r.e in the first
cycle of an instruction and not reinitialized in subsequent busy

For mfspr and mtspr, we now decode "slow" SPR numbers (those SPRs that
are not stored in the register file) to a new "spr_selector" record
in decode1 (excluding those in the loadstore unit).  With this, the
result for mfspr is determined in the data path.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 204fedc63f Move XER low bits out of register file
Besides the overflow and status carry bits, XER has 18 bits which need
to retain the value written by mtxer (in case software wants to
emulate the move-assist instructions (lswi, lswx, stswi, stswx).
Until now these bits (and others) have been stored in the GPR file as
a "fast" SPR, but this causes complications because XER is not really
a fast SPR.

Instead, we now store these 18 bits in the 'ctrl' signal, which exists
in execute1.  This will enable us to simplify the data path in future,
and has the added bonus that with a little bit of plumbing, we can get
the full XER value printed when dumping registers at the end of a

Therefore this changes scripts/ to remove the greps which
exclude XER from the comparison of actual and expected register

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Anton Blanchard 843361f2be execute1: sub_mux_sel and result_mux_sel are unused
Remove them.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
2 years ago
Anton Blanchard a750365ffa Remove some FPGA style signal inits
These don't work on the ASIC flow, so remove them and initialise
them explicitly where required.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 2491aa7fc5 core: Make popcnt* take two cycles
This moves the calculation of the result for popcnt* into the
countbits unit, renamed from countzero, so that we can take two cycles
to get the result.  The motivation for this is that the popcnt*
calculation was showing up as a critical path.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 734e4c4a52 core: Add a short multiplier
This adds an optional 16 bit x 16 bit signed multiplier and uses it
for multiply instructions that return the low 64 bits of the product
(mull[dw][o] and mulli, but not maddld) when the operands are both in
the range -2^15 .. 2^15 - 1.   The "short" 16-bit multiplier produces
its result combinatorially, so a multiply that uses it executes in one
cycle.  This improves the coremark result by about 4%, since coremark
does quite a lot of multiplies and they almost all have operands that
fit into 16 bits.

The presence of the short multiplier is controlled by a generic at the
execute1, SOC, core and top levels.  For now, it defaults to off for
all platforms, and can be enabled using the --has_short_mult flag to

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras a68921edca core: Fix mcrxrx, addpcis and bpermd
- mcrxrx put the bits in the wrong order

- addpcis was setting CR0 if the instruction bit 0 = 1, which it

- bpermd was producing 0 always and additionally had the wrong bit

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 65c43b488b PMU: Add several more events
This implements most of the architected PMU events.  The ones missing
are mostly the ones that depend on which level of the cache hierarchy
data is fetched from.  The events implemented here, and their raw
event codes, are:

    Floating-point operation completed (100f4)
    Load completed (100fc)
    Store completed (200f0)
    Icache miss (200fc)
    ITLB miss (100f6)
    ITLB miss resolved (400fc)
    Dcache load miss (400f0)
    Dcache load miss resolved (300f8)
    Dcache store miss (300f0)
    DTLB miss (300fc)
    DTLB miss resolved (200f6)
    No instruction available and none being executed (100f8)
    Instruction dispatched (200f2, 300f2, 400f2)
    Taken branch instruction completed (200fa)
    Branch mispredicted (400f6)
    External interrupt taken (200f8)

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras a7873b45f7 core: Add a basic performance monitor unit (PMU) implementation
This is the start of an implementation of a PMU according to PowerISA
v3.0B.  Things not implemented yet include most architected events,
the BHRB, event-based branches, thresholding, MMCR0[TBCC] field, etc.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 64e3ce7134 execute1: Handle interrupts during sequences of load/store operations
At present the logic prevents any interrupts from being handled while
there is a load/store instruction (one that has unit=LDST) being
executed.  However, load/store instructions can still get sent to
loadstore1.  Thus an instruction which should generate an interrupt
such as a floating-point unavailable interrupt will instead get

To fix this, when we detect that an interrupt should be generated but
loadstore1 is still executing a previous instruction, we don't execute
any new instructions, and set a new r.intr_pending flag.  That results
in busy_out being asserted (meaning that no further instructions will
come in from decode2).  When loadstore1 has finished the instructions
it has, the interrupt gets sent to writeback.  If one of the
instructions in loadstore1 generates an interrupt in the meantime, the
l_in.interrupt signal gets asserted and that clears r.intr_pending, so
the interrupt we detected gets discarded.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 17fd069640 core: Allow multiple loadstore instructions to be in flight
The idea here is that we can have multiple instructions in progress at
the same time as long as they all go to the same unit, because that
unit will keep them in order.  If we get an instruction for a
different unit, we wait for all the previous instructions to finish
before executing it.  Since the loadstore unit is the only one that is
currently pipelined, this boils down to saying that loadstore
instructions can go ahead while l_in.in_progress = 1 but other
instructions have to wait until it is 0.

This gives a 2% increase on coremark performance on the Arty A7-100
(from ~190 to ~194).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras acb3d2d745 core: Send FPU interrupts to writeback rather than execute1
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 29221315e9 core: Send loadstore1 interrupts to writeback rather than execute1
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 3cd3449b4b core: Move redirect and interrupt delivery logic to writeback
This moves the logic for redirecting fetching and writing SRR0 and
SRR1 to writeback.  The aim is that ultimately units other than
execute1 can send their interrupts to writeback along with their
instruction completions, so that there can be multiple instructions
in flight without needing execute1 to keep track of the address
of each outstanding instruction.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 4fd8d9509c execute1: Move CR result to data path process
Also work out in decode2 whether the instruction sets the XER common

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras d6ac43251a execute1: Move data-path logic out to a separate process
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras ae2afeca5c core: Track CR hazards and bypasses using tags
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras d290d2a9bb core: Restore bypass path from execute1
This changes the bypass path.  Previously it went from after
execute1's output to after decode2's output.  Now it goes from before
execute1's output register to before decode2's output register.  The
reason is that the new path will be simpler to manage when there are
possibly multiple instructions in flight.  This means that the
bypassing can be managed inside decode2 and control.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras c0b45e153b core: Track GPR hazards using tags that propagate through the pipelines
This changes the way GPR hazards are detected and tracked.  Instead of
having a model of the pipeline in gpr_hazard.vhdl, which has to mirror
the behaviour of the real pipeline exactly, we now assign a 2-bit tag
to each instruction and record which GSPR the instruction writes.
Subsequent instructions that need to use the GSPR get the tag number
and stall until the value with that tag is being written back to the
register file.

For now, the forwarding paths are disabled.  That gives about a 8%
reduction in coremark performance.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras a1d7b54f76 core: Crack branches that update both CTR and LR
This uses the instruction doubling machinery to convert conditional
branch instructions that update both CTR and LR (e.g., bdnzl, bdnzlrl)
into two instructions, of which the first updates CTR and determines
whether the branch is taken, and the second updates LR and does the
redirect if necessary.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 4c61a71a62 core: Crack update-form loads into two internal ops
This uses the instruction-doubling machinery to send load with update
instructions down to loadstore1 as two separate ops, rather than
one op with two destinations.  This will help to simplify the value
tracking mechanisms.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 0fb207be60 fetch1: Implement a simple branch target cache
This implements a cache in fetch1, where each entry stores the address
of a simple branch instruction (b or bc) and the target of the branch.
When fetching sequentially, if the address being fetched matches the
cache entry, then fetching will be redirected to the branch target.
The cache has 1024 entries and is direct-mapped, i.e. indexed by bits
11..2 of the NIA.

The bus from execute1 now carries information about taken and
not-taken simple branches, which fetch1 uses to update the cache.
The cache entry is updated for both taken and not-taken branches, with
the valid bit being set if the branch was taken and cleared if the
branch was not taken.

If fetching is redirected to the branch target then that goes down the
pipe as a predicted-taken branch, and decode1 does not do any static
branch prediction.  If fetching is not redirected, then the next
instruction goes down the pipe as normal and decode1 does its static
branch prediction.

In order to make timing, the lookup of the cache is pipelined, so on
each cycle the cache entry for the current NIA + 8 is read.  This
means that after a redirect (from decode1 or execute1), only the third
and subsequent sequentially-fetched instructions will be able to be

This improves the coremark value on the Arty A7-100 from about 180 to
about 190 (more than 5%).

The BTC is optional.  Builds for the Artix 7 35-T part have it off by
default because the extra ~1420 LUTs it takes mean that the design
doesn't fit on the Arty A7-35 board.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras f7b855dfc3 execute1: Improve timing on comparisons
Using the main adder for comparisons has the disadvantage of creating
a long path from the CA/OV bit forwarding to v.busy via the carry
input of the adder, the comparison result, and determining whether a
trap instruction would trap.  Instead we now have dedicated
comparators for the high and low words of a_in vs. b_in, and combine
their results to get the signed and unsigned comparison results.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras b0510fd1bb core: Reorganize execute1
This breaks up the enormous if .. elsif .. case .. elsif statement in
execute1 in order to try to make it simpler and more understandable.
We now have decode2 deciding whether the instruction has a value to be
written back to a register (GPR, GSPR, FPR, etc.) rather than
individual cases in execute1 setting result_en.  The computation of
the data to be written back is now independent of detection of various
exception conditions.  We now have an if block determining if any
exception condition exists which prevents the next instruction from
being executed, then the case statement which performs actions such as
setting carry/overflow bits, determining if a trap exception exists,
doing branches, etc., then an if statement for all the r.busy = 1
cases (continuing execution of an instruction which was started in a
previous cycle, or writing SRR1 for an interrupt).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 658feabfd4 core: Make result multiplexing explicit
This adds an explicit multiplexer feeding v.e.write_data in execute1,
with the select lines determined in the previous cycle based on the
insn_type.  Similarly, for multiply and divide instructions, there is
now an explicit multiplexer.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 9ea1ab0215 execute1: Move branch adder after register
This does the addition of the instruction NIA and the branch offset
after the register at the output of execute1 rather than before.
The propagation through the adder was showing up as a critical path
on the A7-100.  Performance is unaffected and now it makes timing.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 89a67a18d0 decode: Add a facility field to the instruction decode tables
This makes it simpler to work out when to deliver a FPU unavailable
interrupt.  This also means we can get rid of the OP_FPLOAD and
OP_FPSTORE insn_type values.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 4b2c23703c core: Implement quadword loads and stores
This implements the lq, stq, lqarx and stqcx. instructions.

These instructions all access two consecutive GPRs; for example the
"lq %r6,0(%r3)" instruction will load the doubleword at the address
in R3 into R7 and the doubleword at address R3 + 8 into R6.  To cope
with having two GPR sources or destinations, the instruction gets
repeated at the decode2 stage, that is, for each lq/stq/lqarx/stqcx.
coming in from decode1, two instructions get sent out to execute1.

For these instructions, the RS or RT register gets modified on one
of the iterations by setting the LSB of the register number.  In LE
mode, the first iteration uses RS|1 or RT|1 and the second iteration
uses RS or RT.  In BE mode, this is done the other way around.  In
order for decode2 to know what endianness is currently in use, we
pass the big_endian flag down from icache through decode1 to decode2.
This is always in sync with what execute1 is using because only rfid
or an interrupt can change MSR[LE], and those operations all cause
a flush and redirect.

There is now an extra column in the decode tables in decode1 to
indicate whether the instruction needs to be repeated.  Decode1 also
enforces the rule that lq with RT = RT and lqarx with RA = RT or
RB = RT are illegal.

Decode2 now passes a 'repeat' flag and a 'second' flag to execute1,
and execute1 passes them on to loadstore1.  The 'repeat' flag is set
for both iterations of a repeated instruction, and 'second' is set
on the second iteration.  Execute1 does not take asynchronous or
trace interrupts on the second iteration of a repeated instruction.

Loadstore1 uses 'next_addr' for the second iteration of a repeated
load/store so that we access the second doubleword of the memory
operand.  Thus loadstore1 accesses the doublewords in increasing
memory order.  For 16-byte loads this means that the first iteration
writes GPR RT|1.  It is possible that RA = RT|1 (this is a legal
but non-preferred form), meaning that if the memory operand was
misaligned, the first iteration would overwrite RA but then the
second iteration might take a page fault, leading to corrupted state.
To avoid that possibility, 16-byte loads in LE mode take an
alignment interrupt if the operand is not 16-byte aligned.  (This
is the case anyway for lqarx, and we enforce it for lq as well.)

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras d5cf4acfdb execute1: Update comments about XER forwarding
This deletes some commentary that is now out of date and replaces it
with a simple statement about the XER common bits being forwarded from
the output of execute1 to the input.

The comment being deleted talked about a hazard if an instruction that
modifies XER[SO] is immediately followed by a store conditional.  That
is no longer a problem because the operands for loadstore1 are sent
from execute1 (and therefore have the forwarded value) rather than
decode2.  This was in fact fixed in 5422007f83 ("Plumb loadstore1
input from execute1 not decode2", 2020-01-14).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Anton Blanchard e1bac4d6e7 Reset TB and DECR
We don't care what the values of TB and DECR are after reset, but we
don't want the X state to propagate to other parts of the chip.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras e49192cb5b execute1: Fix forwarding of result when doing delayed LR update
Random execution testcases showed that a bdnzl which doesn't branch,
followed immediately by a bdnz, uses the wrong value for CTR for the
bdnz.  Decode2 detects the read-after-write hazard on CTR and tells
execute1 to use the bypass path.  However, the bdnzl takes two cycles
because it has to write back both CTR and LR, meaning that by the time
the bdnz starts to execute, r.e.write_data no longer contains the CTR
value, but instead contains zero.

To fix this, we make execute1 maintain the written-back value of CTR
in r.e.write_data across the cycle where LR is written back (this is
possible because the LR writeback uses the exc_write_data path).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 27ac74a341 execute1: Fix writing LR for bdnzl/bdzl instructions
Branch instructions which do a redirect and write both CTR and LR were
not doing the write to LR due to a logic error.  This fixes it.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 1037c6aa2e core: Implement mtmsr instruction
This is like mtmsrd except it only alters the lower 32 bits of the MSR.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras b0f7237b7f execute1: Fix bug in trace interrupt vs. ITLB miss
If an instruction fetch results in an instruction TLB miss, an
OP_FETCH_FAILED instruction is sent down the pipe.  If the MSR[TE]
field is set for instruction tracing, the core currently considers
that executing the OP_FETCH_FAILED counts as having executed one
instruction and so generates a trace interrupt on the next valid
instruction, meaning that the trace interrupt happens before the
desired instruction rather than after it.

Fix this by not tracing OP_FETCH_FAILED instructions.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 856e9e955f core: Add framework for an FPU
This adds the skeleton of a floating-point unit and implements the
mffs and mtfsf instructions.

Execute1 sends FP instructions to the FPU and receives busy,
exception, FP interrupt and illegal interrupt signals from it.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 9d285a265c core: Add support for single-precision FP loads and stores
This adds code to loadstore1 to convert between single-precision and
double-precision formats, and implements the lfs* and stfs*
instructions.  The conversion processes are described in Power ISA
v3.1 Book 1 sections 4.6.2 and 4.6.3.

These conversions take one cycle, so lfs* and stfs* are one cycle
slower than lfd* and stfd*.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 45cd8f4fc3 core: Add support for floating-point loads and stores
This extends the register file so it can hold FPR values, and
implements the FP loads and stores that do not require conversion
between single and double precision.

We now have the FP, FE0 and FE1 bits in MSR.  FP loads and stores
cause a FP unavailable interrupt if MSR[FP] = 0.

The FPU facilities are optional and their presence is controlled by
the HAS_FPU generic passed down from the top-level board file.  It
defaults to true for all except the A7-35 boards.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago