Commit Graph

13 Commits (bf96279ff14e9e162e21c7c63f68795441de808f)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Paul Mackerras c9a2076dd3 execute1: Remember dest GPR, RC, OE, XER for slow operations
For multiply and divide operations, execute1 now records the
destination GPR number, RC and OE from the instruction, and the
XER value.  This means that the multiply and divide units don't
need to record those values and then send them back to execute1.
This makes the interface to those units a bit simpler.  They
simply report an overflow signal along with the result value, and
execute1 takes care of updating XER if necessary.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 39d18d2738 Make divider hang off the side of execute1
With this, the divider is a unit that execute1 sends operands to and
which sends its results back to execute1, which then send them to
writeback.  Execute1 now sends a stall signal when it gets a divide
or modulus instruction until it gets a valid signal back from the
divider.  Divide and modulus instructions are no longer marked as

The data formatting step that used to be done in decode2 for div
and mod instructions is now done in execute1.  We also do the
absolute value operation in that same cycle instead of taking an
extra cycle inside the divider for signed operations with a
negative operand.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard f37ef56d79 Remove unused signal
Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 5a0458dec1 divider: Fix overflow calculation
We were signalling overflow when neg_result=1 but the result was zero.
Fix this.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 501b6daf9b Add basic XER support
The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of
the other XER fields.

This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly
used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32).

The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate
module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate
SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits.

We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to)
and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in
writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be
updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't
yet implement them).

To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This
assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div)
are running single issue for now.

One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction
in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback
latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value,
thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value.

I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct
but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that
stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal
tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute.

Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx.

[ - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of
 arguments to set_ov]

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 374f4c536d writeback: Do data formatting and condition recording in writeback
This adds code to writeback to format data and test the result
against zero for the purpose of setting CR0.  The data formatter
is able to shift and mask by bytes and do byte reversal and sign
extension.  It can also put together bytes from two input
doublewords to support unaligned loads (including unaligned
byte-reversed loads).

The data formatter starts with an 8:1 multiplexer that is able
to direct any byte of the input to any byte of the output.  This
lets us rotate the data and simultaneously byte-reverse it.
The rotated/reversed data goes to a register for the unaligned
cases that overlap two doublewords.  Then there is per-byte logic
that does trimming, sign extension, and splicing together bytes
from a previous input doubleword (stored in data_latched) and the
current doubleword.  Finally the 64-bit result is tested to set
CR0 if rc = 1.

This removes the RC logic from the execute2, multiply and divide
units, and the shift/mask/byte-reverse/sign-extend logic from

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 82c19d4e7a divider: Reduce delay in detecting 32-bit overflow
Timing analysis showed that even with the output register, timing
was still a bit tight in the output stage, where the carry has to
propagate all the way through the 64-bit negater, and we were then
testing the top 33 bits to determine if a 32-bit operation had

Instead of detecting overflow at the end, we watch for any 1
bits getting shifted into the top 32 bits of the quotient register
as we are doing the division.  That is relatively easy to do and
simplifies the output stage.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras c7025f9f28 divider: Add an output register
This puts the output of the divider through a register.  With the
addition of the logic to detect overflow, the combinatorial output
logic of the divider was becoming a critical path.  Adding the
output register adds a cycle to the latency of the divider but
helps make timing at 100MHz on the A7-100.

This also makes the valid, write_reg_enable and write_cr_enable
fields of the output be registered, which eliminates warnings
about register/latch pins with no clock.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras d4f51e08c8 divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal.  This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where |RA| >= |RB|.

Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32-bit or 64-bit
division.  If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).

POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32-bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64-bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32-bit signed divisions, even if the
32-bit result is negative).  However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s.  We follow suit.

This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.

This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 25b9450475 divider: Do absolute-value ops in divider instead of decode
This moves the negation of negative operands for signed divide and
modulus operations out of the decode2 stage and into the divider.
If either of the operands for a signed divide or modulus operation
is negative, the divider now takes an extra cycle to negate the
operands that are negative.

The interface to the divider now has an 'is_signed' signal rather
than a 'neg_result' signal, and the dividend and divisor can be
negative, so divider_tb had to be updated for the new interface.

The reason for doing this is that one of the worst timing violations
on the Arty A7-100 at 100MHz involved the carry chain in the adders
that did the negation of the dividend and divisor in the decode stage.
Moving the negations to a separate cycle fixes that and also seems to
reduce the total number of slice LUTs used.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras e6536d4b8b divider: Always compute result/sresult/d_out.write_reg_data
These are intended to be combinatorial.  The previous code was giving
warnings in vivado about registers/latches with no clock defined.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras a01ffaeb64 Speed up the divider a little
This looks for cases where the next 8 bits of the quotient are obviously
going to be zero, because the top 72 bits of the 128-bit dividend
register are all zero.  In those cases we shift 8 zero bits into the
quotient and increase count by 8.  We only do this if count < 56.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras d5bc6c8824 Add a divider unit and a testbench for it
This adds a divider unit, connected to the core in much the same way
that the multiplier unit is connected.  The division algorithm is
very simple-minded, taking 64 clock cycles for any division (even
32-bit division instructions).

The decoding is simplified by making use of regularities in the
instruction encoding for div* and mod* instructions.  Instead of
having PPC_* encodings from the first-stage decoder for each of the
different div* and mod* instructions, we now just have PPC_DIV and
PPC_MOD, and the inputs to the divider that indicate what sort of
division operation to do are derived from instruction word bits.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
5 years ago