Commit Graph

23 Commits (bb5f3563867d66ce2848c5853a6d2b4177d98e69)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Anton Blanchard 591e96d1a2 gpio: Add HAS_GPIO to avoid verilator build errors
The verilator build fails with warnings and errors, because NGPIO
is 0 and we do things like:

        gpio_out : out std_ulogic_vector(NGPIO - 1 downto 0);

Set NGPIO to something reasonable (eg 32) and add HAS_GPIO to avoid
building the macro entirely if it isn't in use.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
3 years ago
Michael Neuling 84473eda1b Merge pull request #277 from paulus/gpio
A few cleanups. GPIO IRQ number is now 4 as 3 is now taken by the SD card.
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 21ed730514 arty_a7: Add litesdcard interface
This adds litesdcard.v generated from the litex/litesdcard project,
along with logic in top-arty.vhdl to connect it into the system.
There is now a DMA wishbone coming in to soc.vhdl which is narrower
than the other wishbone masters (it has 32-bit data rather than
64-bit) so there is a widening/narrowing adapter between it and the
main wishbone master arbiter.

Also, litesdcard generates a non-pipelined wishbone for its DMA
connection, which needs to be converted to a pipelined wishbone.  We
have a latch on both the incoming and outgoing sides of the wishbone
in order to help make timing (at the cost of two extra cycles of

litesdcard generates an interrupt signal which is wired up to input 3
of the ICS (IRQ 19).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras f06a0f4e5a arty: Update GPIOs for Boxarty BMC
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras f06ffcf9b7 Add a GPIO controller and use it to drive the shield I/O pins on the Arty
This adds a GPIO controller which provides 32 bits of I/O.  The
registers are modelled on the set used by the gpio-ftgpio010.c driver
in the Linux kernel.  Currently there is no interrupt capability
implemented, though an interrupt line from the GPIO subsystem to the
XICS has been connected.

For the Arty A7 board, GPIO lines 0 to 13 are connected to the pins
labelled IO0 to IO13 on the "shield" connector, GPIO lines 14 to 29
connect to IO26 to IO41, GPIO line 30 connects to the pin labelled A
(aka IO42), and GPIO line 31 is connected to LED 7.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 0fb207be60 fetch1: Implement a simple branch target cache
This implements a cache in fetch1, where each entry stores the address
of a simple branch instruction (b or bc) and the target of the branch.
When fetching sequentially, if the address being fetched matches the
cache entry, then fetching will be redirected to the branch target.
The cache has 1024 entries and is direct-mapped, i.e. indexed by bits
11..2 of the NIA.

The bus from execute1 now carries information about taken and
not-taken simple branches, which fetch1 uses to update the cache.
The cache entry is updated for both taken and not-taken branches, with
the valid bit being set if the branch was taken and cleared if the
branch was not taken.

If fetching is redirected to the branch target then that goes down the
pipe as a predicted-taken branch, and decode1 does not do any static
branch prediction.  If fetching is not redirected, then the next
instruction goes down the pipe as normal and decode1 does its static
branch prediction.

In order to make timing, the lookup of the cache is pipelined, so on
each cycle the cache entry for the current NIA + 8 is read.  This
means that after a redirect (from decode1 or execute1), only the third
and subsequent sequentially-fetched instructions will be able to be

This improves the coremark value on the Arty A7-100 from about 180 to
about 190 (more than 5%).

The BTC is optional.  Builds for the Artix 7 35-T part have it off by
default because the extra ~1420 LUTs it takes mean that the design
doesn't fit on the Arty A7-35 board.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 45cd8f4fc3 core: Add support for floating-point loads and stores
This extends the register file so it can hold FPR values, and
implements the FP loads and stores that do not require conversion
between single and double precision.

We now have the FP, FE0 and FE1 bits in MSR.  FP loads and stores
cause a FP unavailable interrupt if MSR[FP] = 0.

The FPU facilities are optional and their presence is controlled by
the HAS_FPU generic passed down from the top-level board file.  It
defaults to true for all except the A7-35 boards.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 02abb135a8 litedram: l2: Add support for more geometries
Make the DRAM data lines and user port width configurable, also
don't hard wire dependency on the wishbone data width.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt fb5c16d05e uart: Make 16550 the default
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 7575b1e0c2 uart: Import and hook up opencore 16550 compatible UART
This imports via fusesoc a 16550 compatible (ie "standard") UART,
and wires it up optionally in the SoC instead of the potato one.

This also adds support for a second UART (which is always a
16550) to Arty, wired to JC "bottom" port.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 8366710217 liteeth: Hook up LiteX LiteEth ethernet controller
Currently only generated for Arty.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Michael Neuling b90a0a2139
Merge pull request #208 from paulusmack/faster
Make the core go faster

Several major improvements in here:
- Simple branch predictor
- Reduced latency for mispredicted branches and interrupts by removing fetch2 stage
- Cache improvements
  o Request critical dword first on refill
  o Handle hits while refilling, including on line being refilled
  o Sizes doubled for both D and I
- Loadstore improvements: can now do one load or store every two cycles in most cases
- Optimized 2-cycle multiplier for Xilinx 7-series parts using DSP slices
- Timing improvements, including:
  o Stash buffer in decode1
  o Reduced width of execute1 result mux
  o Improved SPR decode in decode1
  o Some non-critical operation take a cycle longer so we can break some long combinatorial chains
- Core logging: logs 256 bits of info every cycle into a ring buffer, to help with debugging and performance analysis

This increases the LUT usage for the "synth" + A35 target from 9182 to 10297 = 12%.
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 78de4fef72 Make LOG_LENGTH configurable per FPGA variant
This plumbs the LOG_LENGTH parameter (which controls how many entries
the core log RAM has) up to the top level so that it can be set on
the fusesoc command line and have different default values on
different FPGAs.

It now defaults to 512 entries generally and on the Artix-7 35 parts,
and 2048 on the larger Artix-7 FPGAs.  It can be set to 0 if desired.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt f9f18906a3 soc: Rename wb_dram_ctrl to wb_ext_io and rework decoding
This makes the control bus currently going out of "soc" towards
litedram more generic for external IO devices added by the
top-level rather than inside the SoC proper.

This is mostly renaming of signals and a small change on how the
address decoder operates, using a separate "cascaded" decode for
the external IOs.

We make the region 0xc8nn_nnnn be the "external IO" region for

This will make it easier / cleaner to add more external devices.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 4244b54984 soc: Remove unused RESET_LOW generic
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt cc4dcb3597 spi: Add SPI Flash controller
This adds an SPI flash controller which supports direct
memory-mapped access to the flash along with a manual
mode to send commands.

The direct mode can be set via generic to default to single
wire or quad mode. The controller supports normal, dual and quad
accesses with configurable commands, clock divider, dummy clocks

The SPI clock can be an even divider of sys_clk starting at 2
(so max 50Mhz with our typical Arty designs).

A flash offset is carried via generics to syscon to tell SW about
which portion of the flash is reserved for the FPGA bitfile. There
is currently no plumbing to make the CPU reset past that address (TBD).

Note: Operating at 50Mhz has proven unreliable without adding some
delay to the sampling of the input data. I'm working in improving
this, in the meantime, I'm leaving the default set at 25 Mhz.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt a93d9e77c9 litedram: Remove remnants of riscv-inits
We still had some wires bringing an extra serial port out of
litedram for the built-in riscv processor. This is all gone now
so take them out.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt bf1b98b958 litedram: Add support for booting without BRAM
This adds an option to disable the main BRAM and instead copy a
payload stashed along with the init code in the secondary BRAM
into DRAM and boot from there

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 573b6b4bc4 soc: Rework interconnect
This changes the SoC interconnect such that the main 64-bit wishbone out
of the processor is first split between only 3 slaves (BRAM, DRAM and a
general "IO" bus) instead of all the slaves in the SoC.

The IO bus leg is then latched and down-converted to 32 bits data width,
before going through a second address decoder for the various IO devices.

This significantly reduces routing and timing pressure on the main bus,
allowing to get rid of frequent timing violations when synthetizing on
small'ish FPGAs such as the Artix-7 35T found on the original Arty board.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 7560e8f2ff arty/nexys: Rework reset with litedram
When using litedram, request a much longer PLL reset. This seems to
help get rid of all the grabled output after config.

Also use the clean system_rst out of litedram as our source of reset
for the rest of the SoC (it is synchronized with system_clk and takes
pll_locked into account already)
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt c19b5b8cc7 litedram: Update to new LiteX/LiteDRAM version
Things have changed a bit in upstream LiteX. LiteDRAM now exposes a
wishbone for the CSRs for example.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 025cf5efe8 syscon: Add syscon registers
These provides some info about the SoC (though it's still somewhat
incomplete and needs more work, see comments).

There's also a control register for selecting DRAM vs. BRAM at 0
(and for soft-resetting the SoC but that isn't wired up yet).

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 3ac815823c fpga: Hookup Arty to litedram
The old toplevel.vhdl becomes top-generic.vhdl, which is to be used
by platforms that do not have a litedram option.

Arty has its own top-arty.vhdl which supports litedram and is now
hooked up

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
4 years ago