Commit Graph

61 Commits (8a0a907e2faae2fb579260f64a40fffb00182638)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Paul Mackerras 8a0a907e2f Implement the extswsli instruction
This mainly required the addition of an entry to the opcode 31 decode
table and a 32-bit sign-extender in the rotator.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 041d6bef60 dcache: Implement the dcbz instruction
This adds logic to dcache and loadstore1 to implement dcbz.  For now
it zeroes a single cache line (by default 64 bytes), not 128 bytes
like IBM Power processors do.

The dcbz operation is performed much like a load miss, except that
we are writing zeroes to memory instead of reading.  As each ack
comes back, we write zeroes to the BRAM instead of data from memory.
In this way we zero the line in memory and also zero the line of
cache memory, establishing the line in the cache if it wasn't already
resident.  If it was already resident then we overwrite the existing
line in the cache.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 56577827d4 Decode attn in the major opcode decode table
This decodes attn using entry 0 of the major_decode_rom_array table
instead of a special case in the decode1_1 process.  This means that
only the major opcode (the top 6 bits) is checked at decode time.
To make sure the instruction is attn not some random illegal pattern,
we now check bits 1-10 of the instruction at execute time and
generate an illegal instruction interrupt if those bits are not
0100000000.

This reduces LUT consumption by 42 LUTs on the Arty A7-100.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 6f7ef8b1b9 Decode sc in the major opcode decode table
This decodes sc using entry 17 of the major_decode_rom_array table
instead of a special case in the decode1_1 process.  This means that
only the major opcode (the top 6 bits) is checked at decode time.
To make sure that the instruction is sc not scv, we now check bit
1 of the instruction at execute time and generate an illegal
instruction interrupt if it is 0 (indicating scv).  The level field
of the sc instruction is now ignored.

This reduces LUT consumption by 31 LUTs on the Arty A7-100.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 278ac5e0eb Remove sim_config instruction
It's not used any more, and it's not in the ISA.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 381149b2cc Consolidate trap variants under a single OP_TRAP
This replaces OP_TD, OP_TDI, OP_TW and OP_TWI with a single OP_TRAP,
distinguishing the cases by the input_reg_b and is_32bit fields of
the decode ROM.  This adds the twi and td cases to the decode tables.

For now we make all of the trap instructions unconditionally generate
a trap-type program interrupt if the TO field of the instruction is
all ones, and do nothing otherwise.

This reduces the number of values in insn_type_t from 65 to 62,
meaning that an insn_type_t can now be encoded in 6 bits rather
than 7.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras fe077a116a Rename OP_MCRF to OP_CROP and trim insn_type_t
OP_MCRF covers the CR logical ops as well as mcrf since commit
c05441bf47 ("Implement CRNOR and friends"), so this renames
OP_MCRF to OP_CROP.  The OP_* values for the individual CR logical
ops (OP_CRAND, etc.) are not used, so remove them from insn_type_t.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Michael Neuling 5ef5604b65 Add sc, illegal and decrementer exceptions and some supervisor state
This adds the following exceptions:
 - 0x700 program check (for illegal instructions)
 - 0x900 decrementer
 - 0xc00 system call

This also adds some supervisor state:
 - decremeter
 - msr
(SPRG0/1 and SRR0/1 already exist as fast SPRs)

It also adds some supporting instructions:
 - rfid
 - mtmsrd
 - mfmsr
 - sc

MSR state is added but only EE is used in this patch set. Other bits
are read/written but are not used at all.

This adds a 2 stage state machine to execute1.vhdl. This state machine
allows fast SPRS SRR0/1 to be written in different cycles. This state
machine can be extended later to add DAR and DSISR SPR writing for
more complex exceptions like page faults.

Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
4 years ago
Michael Neuling 594a19de37 Plumb attn instruction through to execute1
Currently we decode attn but we just mark it as an illegal.

This adds a separate case statement in execute 1 for attn to terminate
the core. Illegals also do this currently but we are soon implementing
a 0x700 execption for them.

Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 81369187c0 loadstore1: Add support for cache-inhibited load and store instructions
This adds support for lbzcix, lhzcix, lwzcix, ldcix, stbcix, sthcix,
stwcix and stdcix.  The temporary hack where accesses to addresses of
the form 0xc??????? are made non-cacheable is left in for now to avoid
making existing programs non-functional.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 5d85ede97d dcache: Implement load-reserve and store-conditional instructions
This involves plumbing the (existing) 'reserve' and 'rc' bits in
the decode tables down to dcache, and 'rc' and 'store_done' bits
from dcache to writeback.

It turns out that we had 'RC' set in the 'rc' column for several
ordinary stores and for the attn instruction.  This corrects them
to 'NONE', and sets the 'rc' column to 'ONE' for the conditional
stores.

In writeback we now have logic to set CR0 when the input from dcache
has rc = 1.

In dcache we have the reservation itself, which has a valid bit
and the address down to cache line granularity.  We don't currently
store the reservation length.  For a store conditional which fails,
we set a 'cancel_store' signal which inhibits the write to the
cache and prevents the state machine from starting a bus cycle or
going to the STORE_WAIT_ACK state.  Instead we set r1.stcx_fail
which causes the instruction to complete in the next cycle with
rc=1 and store_done=0.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 1a244d3470 Remove single-issue constraint for most loads and stores
This removes the constraint that loads and stores are single-issue,
at the expense of a stall of at least 2 cycles for every load and
store.

To do this, we plumb the existing stall signal that was generated
in dcache to core, where it gets ORed with the stall signal from
execute1.  Execute1 generates a stall signal for the first two
cycles of each load and store, and dcache generates the stall
signal in the 3rd and subsequent cycles if it needs to.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 2661b9b985 decode1: Mark subfic as pipelined
This seems just to have been missed in commit f291efa266 ("decode1:
Mark ALU ops using carry as pipelined").

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 0c714f1be6 execute: Move popcnt and prty instructions into the logical unit
This implements logic in the logical entity to calculate the results
of the popcnt* and prty* instructions.  We now have one insn_type_t
value for the 3 popcnt variants and one for the two prty variants,
using the length field of the decode_rom_t to distinguish between
them.  The implementations in logical.vhdl using recursive
algorithms rather than the simple functions in ppc_fx_insns.vhdl.

This gives a saving of about 140 slice LUTs on the A7-100 and
improves timing slightly.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras d2ca625b3b execute: Do comparisons using the main adder
This handles OP_CMP like a subtraction; the main adder computes
~RA + RB + 1, and the condition codes are computed from the results.
A direct comparison of the two input operands is used to calculate the
EQ bit of the condition result.  The LT and GT bits are computed from
the MSB of the subtraction result, the carry out from the subtraction,
and the MSBs of the operands.  For a 32-bit comparison, the 32-bit
carry and bit 31 of the result and input operands are used; for a
64-bit comparison, the 64-bit carry and bit 63 of the operands and
result are used.

It turns out to be more convenient to use the 'signed' field of
the decode table to distinguish signed from unsigned comparisons,
rather than the insn_type.  Therefore this uses OP_CMP for both
cmp and cmpl, which also has the benefit of reducing the number
of values in insn_type_t.

Doing this saves over 200 slice LUTs on the Arty A7-100 and improves
timing slightly as well.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 39d18d2738 Make divider hang off the side of execute1
With this, the divider is a unit that execute1 sends operands to and
which sends its results back to execute1, which then send them to
writeback.  Execute1 now sends a stall signal when it gets a divide
or modulus instruction until it gets a valid signal back from the
divider.  Divide and modulus instructions are no longer marked as
single-issue.

The data formatting step that used to be done in decode2 for div
and mod instructions is now done in execute1.  We also do the
absolute value operation in that same cycle instead of taking an
extra cycle inside the divider for signed operations with a
negative operand.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 2167186b5f Make multiplier hang off the side of execute1
With this, the multiplier isn't a separate pipe that decode2 issues
instructions to, but rather is a unit that execute1 sends operands
to and which sends the result back to execute1, which then sends it
to writeback.  Execute1 now sends a stall signal when it gets a
multiply instruction until it gets a valid signal back from the
multiplier.

This all means that we no longer need to mark the multiply
instructions as single-issue.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Tom Vijlbrief c05441bf47 Implement CRNOR and friends
Signed-off-by: Tom Vijlbrief <tvijlbrief@gmail.com>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt e4f475e17f sprs: Store common SPRs in register file
This stores the most common SPRs in the register file.

This includes CTR and LR and a not yet final list of others.

The register file is set to 64 entries for now. Specific types
are defined that can represent a GPR index (gpr_index_t) or
a GPR/SPR index (gspr_index_t) along with conversion functions
between the two.

On order to deal with some forms of branch updating both LR and
CTR, we introduced a delayed update of LR after a branch link.

Note: We currently stall the pipeline on such a delayed branch,
but we could avoid stalling fetch in that specific case as we
know we have a branch delay. We could also limit that to the
specific case where we need to update both CTR and LR.

This allows us to make bcreg, mtspr and mfspr pipelined. decode1
will automatically force the single issue flag on mfspr/mtspr to
a "slow" SPR.

[paulus@ozlabs.org - fix direction of decode2.stall_in]

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras d04887fdcd decode1: Add OE=1 forms of add/sub, mul and div instructions
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt f291efa266 decode1: Mark ALU ops using carry as pipelined
There is no reason not to that I can think of

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 742b21480e insn: Simplistic implementation of icbi
We don't yet have a proper snooper for the icache, so for now make
icbi just flush the whole thing

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt a0d95e791e insn: Implement isync instruction
The instruction works by redirecting fetch to nia+4 (hopefully using
the same adder used to generate LR) and doing a backflush. Along with
being single issue, this should guarantee that the next instruction
only gets fetched after the pipe's been emptied.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 4433118c91
Merge pull request #105 from paulusmack/writeback
Writeback
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 9646fe28b0 Do sign-extension instructions in writeback instead of execute1
This makes the exts[bhw] instructions do the sign extension in the
writeback stage using the sign-extension logic there instead of
having unique sign extension logic in execute1.  This requires
passing the data length and sign extend flag from decode2 down
through execute1 and execute2 and into writeback.  As a side bonus
we reduce the number of values in insn_type_t by two.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 86c53aa3f7 Implement neg using OP_ADD
We have all the machinery in place to implement the neg instruction
as OP_ADD.  Doing that means we can ditch OP_NEG, and saves about
66 slice LUTs on the A7-100.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 813f834012 Add CR hazard detection
To keep things simple we treat the CR as a single entity.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard bb65d0b899 Remove issue restrictions on a number of instructions
Anything that isn't a load or store and anything that doesn't read the
CR can go as soon as its inputs are ready.

While we could also allow SPR read/write and carry read/write, we plan
to change them to be read in decode2 and written in writeback soon and
they will need separate hazard detection to be added.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 10a990bba8 mod* doesn't have an RC form
The RC bit should be ignored for mod* instructions.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard c41da84226 decode: Handle icbi
We will need a proper handler for icbi, but in the meantime treat it
as a nop.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 24a4a796ce execute: Consolidate count-leading/trailing-zeroes implementations
This adds combinatorial logic that does 32-bit and 64-bit count
leading and trailing zeroes in one unit, and consolidates the
four instructions under a single OP_CNTZ opcode.

This saves 84 slice LUTs on the Arty A7-100.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard b8fb721b81 Consolidate logical instructions
Consolidate and/andc/nand, or/orc/nor and xor/eqv, using a common
invert on the input and output. This saves us about 200 LUTs.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras f7c393ba7e Add a rotate/mask/shift unit and use it in execute1
This adds a new entity 'rotator' which contains combinatorial logic
for rotating and masking 64-bit values.  It implements the operations
of the rlwinm, rlwnm, rlwimi, rldicl, rldicr, rldic, rldimi, rldcl,
rldcr, sld, slw, srd, srw, srad, sradi, sraw and srawi instructions.
It consists of a 3-stage 64-bit rotator using 4:1 multiplexors at
each stage, two mask generators, output logic and control logic.

The insn_type_t values used for these instructions have been reduced
to just 5: OP_RLC, OP_RLCL and OP_RLCR for the rotate and mask
instructions (clear both left and right, clear left, clear right
variants), OP_SHL for left shifts, and OP_SHR for right shifts.
The control signals for the rotator are derived from the opcode
and from the is_32bit and is_signed fields of the decode_rom_t.

The rotator is instantiated as an entity in execute1 so that we can
be sure we only have one of it.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 90b6e27380 Generalize the mul_32bit and mul_signed fields of decode_rom_t
This changes the names of the mul_32bit and mul_signed fields of
decode_rom_t to is_32bit and is_signed, so they can be used with
other types of operations besides multiplies.

This plumbs the is_32bit and is_signed flags down into execute1,
though they are not used at this point.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 7fe84220a5 decode: Avoid multiplexing from instruction reg fields to regfile address ports
This aims to simplify the logic between the instruction image and
the register file read address ports and reduce the size of the decode
tables.  With this patch, the input_reg_a column of the decode tables
can only select RA or zeroes, the input_reg_b column can only select
RB or a constant (0, -1, or an immediate value from the instruction),
and the input_reg_c columns can only select RS or zeroes.

That means that the rotate/shift/logical ops now have their first
input coming in via the input_reg_c column.  That means we need to
add a read_data3 field to the Decode2ToExecuteType record, but that
will go away again when we split out the rotate/mask/logical ops to
their own unit.

As a related but not tightly connected change, this patch also sets
the read1_enable signal to the register file be 0 when RA=0 and the
input_reg_a for the instruction is RA_OR_ZERO (previously it was 1).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 96b402a4bf Consolidate add/subtract instructions into a single op
All of the PPC add and subtract instructions, including carrying
and extended versions, do much the same arithmetic operation:

	result = (I xor A) + B + C

where A is the value from RA, I provides a logical inversion of A
(i.e. I is 0 or -1), B is either from RB or is a constant 0 or -1,
and C is 0, 1 or the carry bit from XER (CA).

To consolidate all the add/subtract instructions into a single
OP_ADD, we add a column to decode_rom_t to indicate when A should
be inverted, and change the input_carry field to a 3-state selector
to select C in the equation above.

This also adds a new "CONST_M1" value for input_reg_b_t to indicate
that B is a constant -1.  This allows us to implement addme and
subfme.

The addex instruction appears not to exist, so the comments referring
to it are removed.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras b0f302ecf4 decode: Make all update-form indexed loads and stores use RA_OR_ZERO
Experimentation on POWER9 indicates that the invalid form of lbzux
with RA=0 uses just RB as the address, not R0 + RB.  Extrapolating
this to all update-form loads and stores with RA=0, change all the
update-form loads and stores to use RA_OR_ZERO rather than RA.

This then means that all decode ROM entries with insn_type = LDST
have input_reg_a = RA_OR_ZERO.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 58b06eb5f3 decode: Remove const fields from decode_rom_t
The const* fields of decode_rom_t drove multiplexers in decode2 that
picked out various instruction fields and put them into the const*
fields of the Decode2ToExecute1Type record, from where they were
used in execute1.  However, the code in execute1 can just as easily
use the appropriate fields of the original instruction word, since
that is now available in execute1.  This therefore changes the
code to do that, resulting in smaller decode tables.

Suggested-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 143d0ae9e4 decode: Fix larx/stcx instructions to use RA_OR_ZERO not RA
The l?arx and st?cx. instructions are defined to use the normal indexed
mode address calculations, i.e. (RA|0) + RB.  Fix their entries in the
decode table to say RA_OR_ZERO rather than RA.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras bbae2d1eda decode: Index minor op table with insn bits for opcode 31
This changes decode_op_31_array from being indexed by a ppc_insn_t
(which is derived from the instruction word by a whole series of
if/elsif statements) to being indexed directly by bits 10...1 of
the instruction word.  With this we no longer need ppc_insn.

This then means that the decode1 stage doesn't distinguish between
mfcr and mfocrf, or between mtcrf and mtocrf, since those are
distinguished by the value in bit 20 of the instruction.  To
accommodate that, execute1 changes so that the one op value (OP_MFCR)
does either the mfcr or the mfocrf behaviour depending on bit 20
of the instruction word; and similarly for mtcrf/mtocrf.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 21d3f8a5ed decode: Index minor op table with insn bits for opcode 30
This comprises the 64-bit rotate and mask instructions.  In order to
reduce the table index to 3 bits, we combine rldcl and rdlcr into a
single op (OP_RLDCX), and choose the right mask at execute time based
on bit 1 of the instruction word.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 00e9f801f6 decode: Index minor op table with insn bits for opcode 19
This changes the decoding of major opcode 19 from using the ppc_insn_t
index to using bits of the instruction word directly.  Opcode 19 has
a 10-bit minor opcode field (bits 10..1) but the space is sparsely
filled.  Therefore we index a table of single-bit entries with the
10-bit minor opcode to filter out the illegal minor opcodes, and
index a table using just 3 bits -- 5, 3 and 2 -- of the instruction
to get the decode entry.  This groups together all the instructions
in 4 columns of the opcode map as a single entry.  That means that
mcrf and all the CR logical ops get grouped together, and bcctr, bclr
and bctar get grouped together.  At present the CR logical ops are not
implemented, so their grouping has no impact.

The code for bclr and bcctr in execute1 is now common, using a single
op, and it now determines the branch address by looking at bit 10 of
the instruction word at execute time.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras e30a87593a decode: Start moving towards decoding by major opcode first
With this, we have a table for most major opcodes and separate
tables for each major opcode that has further decoding required.
These tables are still mostly indexed by the ppc_insn_t values,
however.

A few things are still decoded completely at the top level: nop,
attn and sim_config.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras c9e92483b8 decode: Push mtspr/mfspr register decoding down into execute1
Instead of doing mfctr, mflr, mftb, mtctr, mtlr as separate ops,
just pass down mfspr and mtspr ops with the spr number and let
execute1 decode which SPR we're addressing.  This will help reduce
the number of instruction bits decode1 needs to look at.

In fact we now pass down the whole instruction from decode2 to
execute1.  We will need more bits of the instruction in future,
and the tools should just optimize away any that we don't end
up using.  Since the 'aa' bit was just a copy of an instruction
bit, we can now remove it from the record.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 3e6f656a90 Add MCRF instruction
Hopefully it's not too timing catastrophic. The variable newcrf will
be handy for the other CR ops when we implement them I suspect.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 554ae88540 Implement absolute branches
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard b57325ce29 Merge branch 'divider' of https://github.com/paulusmack/microwatt 5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 5a6f8d26d1 Rename OP_SUBFC -> OP_SUBFE, OP_ADDC -> OP_ADDE
These were somewhat badly named.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras d5bc6c8824 Add a divider unit and a testbench for it
This adds a divider unit, connected to the core in much the same way
that the multiplier unit is connected.  The division algorithm is
very simple-minded, taking 64 clock cycles for any division (even
32-bit division instructions).

The decoding is simplified by making use of regularities in the
instruction encoding for div* and mod* instructions.  Instead of
having PPC_* encodings from the first-stage decoder for each of the
different div* and mod* instructions, we now just have PPC_DIV and
PPC_MOD, and the inputs to the divider that indicate what sort of
division operation to do are derived from instruction word bits.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 98f0994698 Add core debug module
This module adds some simple core controls:

  reset, stop, start, step

along with icache clear and reading the NIA and core
status bits

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org
5 years ago