Commit Graph

129 Commits (047be5c0c3b2f12c9321412518e17b7267fe14ea)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Paul Mackerras af814a0d5e Provide debug access to SPRs in loadstore1 and mmu
They are accessible as GSPR 0x3c - PID, 0x3d - PTCR, 0x3e - DSISR
and 0x3f - DAR.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras d0f319290f Restore debug access to SPRs
This provides access to the SPRs via the JTAG DMI interface.  For now
they are still accessed as if they were GPR/FPRs using the same
numbering as before (GPRs at 0 - 0x1f, SPRs at 0x20 - 0x2d, FPRs at
0x40 - 0x5f).

For XER, debug reads now report the full value, not just the bits that
were previously stored in the register file.  The "slow" SPR mux is
not used for debug reads.

Decode2 determines on each cycle whether a debug SPR access will
happen next cycle, based on whether there is a request and whether the
current instruction accesses the SPR RAM.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras fdb3ef6874 Finish off taking SPRs out of register file
With this, the register file now contains 64 entries, for 32 GPRs and
32 FPRs, rather than the 128 it had previously.  Several things get
simplified - decode1 no longer has to work out the ispr{1,2,o} values,
decode_input_reg_{a,b,c} no longer have the t = SPR case, etc.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 337b104250 Move LR, CTR and TAR out of the register file
By putting CTR on the odd side and LR and TAR on the even side, we can
read and write CTR for bdnz-style instructions in parallel with
reading LR or TAR for indirect branches and writing LR for branches
with LK=1.  Thus we don't need to double up any of these instructions,
giving a simplification in decode2.

We now have logic for printing LR and CTR at the end of a simulation
in execute1, in addition to the similar logic in register_file and

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras bc4d02cb0d Start removing SPRs from register file
This starts the process of removing SPRs from the register file by
moving SRR0/1, SPRG0-3, HSRR0/1 and HSPRG0/1 out of the register file
and putting them into execute1.  They are stored in a pair of small
RAM arrays, referred to as "even" and "odd".  The reason for having
two arrays is so that two values can be read and written in each
cycle.  For example, SRR0 and SRR1 can be written in parallel by an
interrupt and read in parallel by the rfid instruction.

The addresses in the RAM which will be accessed are determined in the
decode2 stage.  We have one write address for both sides, but two read
addresses, since in future we will want to be able to read CTR at the
same time as either LR or TAR.

We now have a connection from writeback to execute1 which carries the
partial SRR1 value for an interrupt.  SRR0 comes from the execute
pipeline; we no longer need to carry instruction addresses along the
LSU and FPU pipelines.  Since SRR0 and SRR1 can be written in the same
cycle now, we don't need the little state machine in writeback any

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 73cc5167ec Use FPU for division instructions if we have an FPU
- Arrange for XER to be written for OE=1 forms
- Arrange for condition codes to be set for RC=1 forms
  (including correct handling for 32-bit mode)
- Don't instantiate the divider if we have an FPU.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras a95f8aab38 FPU: Add integer division logic to FPU
This adds logic to the FPU to accomplish 64-bit integer divisions.
No instruction actually uses this yet.

The algorithm used is to obtain an estimate of the reciprocal of the
divisor using the lookup table and refine it by one to three
iterations of the Newton-Raphson algorithm (the number of iterations
depends on the number of significant bits in the dividend).  Then the
reciprocal is multiplied by the dividend to get the quotient estimate.
The remainder is calculated as dividend - quotient * divisor.  If the
remainder is greater than or equal to the divisor, the quotient is
incremented, or if a modulo operation is being done, the divisor is
subtracted from the remainder.  The inverse estimate after refinement
is good enough that the quotient estimate is always equal to or one
less than the true quotient.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 2f45e545ed decode2: Rework to make the stall_out signal come from a register
At present the busy/stall signal going to decode1 depends on whether
control thinks it can issue the current instruction, and that depends
on completion and bypass signals coming from execute1 and writeback.

To improve the timing of stall_out, this rearranges decode2 so that
stall_out is asserted when we have a valid instruction that couldn't
be issued in the previous cycle.  This means that decode1 could give
us a new instruction when we haven't issued the previous instruction.

This in turn means that we can only use d_in in the first cycle of
processing an instruction.  After the first cycle, we get register
addresses etc. from dc2 rather than d_in.

Then, to avoid the need to read register operands from register_file
in each cycle until the instruction issues, we bring the bypass path
for data being written to the register file into decode2 explicitly
rather than having it in register_file.

A new process called decode2_addrs does the process of calling
decode_input_reg_* and decode_output_reg and sets up the register file
addresses.  This was split out (and decode_input_reg_* reworked) to
try to reduce the number of passes through the decode2_1 process that
need to be done in simulation.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 9a8a8e50f8 FPU: Add stage-2 stall ability to FPU
This makes the FPU able to stall other units at execute stage 2 and be
stalled by other units (specifically the LSU).

This means that the completion and writeback for an instruction can
now end up being deferred until the second cycle of a following
instruction, i.e. the cycle when the state machine has gone through
IDLE state into one of the DO_* states, which means we need to latch
the destination FPR number, CR mask, etc. from the previous
instruction so that we present the correct information to writeback.

The advantage of this is that we can get rid of the in_progress signal
from the LSU.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras e030a500e8 Allow integer instructions and load/store instructions to execute together
Execute1 and loadstore1 now send each other stall signals that
indicate that a valid instruction in stage 2 can't complete in this
cycle, and hence any valid instruction in stage 1 in the other unit
can't move to stage 2.  With this in place, an ALU instruction can
move into stage 1 while a LSU instruction is in stage 2.

Since the FPU doesn't yet have a way to stall completion, we can't yet
start FPU instructions while any LSU or ALU instruction is in

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 3510071d9a Add a second execute stage to the pipeline
This adds a second execute stage to the pipeline, in order to match up
the length of the pipeline through loadstore and dcache with the
length through execute1.  This will ultimately enable us to get rid of
the 1-cycle bubble that we currently have when issuing ALU
instructions after one or more LSU instructions.

Most ALU instructions execute in the first stage, except for
count-zeroes and popcount instructions (which take two cycles and do
some of their work in the second stage) and mfspr/mtspr to "slow" SPRs
(TB, DEC, PVR, LOGA/LOGD, CFAR).  Multiply and divide/mod instructions
take several cycles but the instruction stays in the first stage (ex1)
and ex1.busy is asserted until the operation is complete.

There is currently a bypass from the first stage but not the second
stage.  Performance is down somewhat because of that and because this
doesn't yet eliminate the bubble between LSU and ALU instructions.

The forwarding of XER common bits has been changed somewhat because
now there is another pipeline stage between ex1 and the committed
state in cr_file.  The simplest thing for now is to record the last
value written and use that, unless there has been a flush, in which
case the committed state (obtained via e_in.xerc) is used.

Note that this fixes what was previously a benign bug in control.vhdl,
where it was possible for control to forget an instructions dependency
on a value from a previous instruction (a GPR or the CR) if this
instruction writes the value and the instruction gets to the point
where it could issue but is blocked by the busy signal from execute1.
In that situation, control may incorrectly not indicate that a bypass
should be used.  That didn't matter previously because, for ALU and
FPU instructions, there was only one previous instruction in flight
and once the current instruction could issue, the previous instruction
was completing and the correct value would be obtained from
register_file or cr_file.  For loadstore instructions there could be
two being executed, but because there are no bypass paths, failing to
indicate use of a bypass path is fine.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 813e2317bf execute1: Restructure to separate out execution of side effects
We now have a record that represents the actions taken in executing an
instruction, and a process that computes that for the incoming
instruction.  We no longer have 'current' or 'r.cur_instr', instead
things like the destination register are put into r.e in the first
cycle of an instruction and not reinitialized in subsequent busy

For mfspr and mtspr, we now decode "slow" SPR numbers (those SPRs that
are not stored in the register file) to a new "spr_selector" record
in decode1 (excluding those in the loadstore unit).  With this, the
result for mfspr is determined in the data path.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Paul Mackerras 204fedc63f Move XER low bits out of register file
Besides the overflow and status carry bits, XER has 18 bits which need
to retain the value written by mtxer (in case software wants to
emulate the move-assist instructions (lswi, lswx, stswi, stswx).
Until now these bits (and others) have been stored in the GPR file as
a "fast" SPR, but this causes complications because XER is not really
a fast SPR.

Instead, we now store these 18 bits in the 'ctrl' signal, which exists
in execute1.  This will enable us to simplify the data path in future,
and has the added bonus that with a little bit of plumbing, we can get
the full XER value printed when dumping registers at the end of a

Therefore this changes scripts/ to remove the greps which
exclude XER from the comparison of actual and expected register

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
2 years ago
Anton Blanchard 0b39947f8d Remove unused sequential signal from Fetch1ToIcacheType
GHDL synthesis is flagging a warning about this.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
2 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt d745995207 Introduce real_addr_t and addr_to_real()
This moves REAL_ADDR_BITS out of the caches and defines a real_addr_t
type for a real address, along with a addr_to_real() conversion helper.

It makes the vhdl a bit more readable

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 54b0e8b8c8 core: Predict not-taken conditional branches using BTC
This adds a bit to the BTC to store whether the corresponding branch
instruction was taken last time it was encountered.  That lets us pass
a not-taken prediction down to decode1, which for backwards direct
branches inhibits it from redirecting fetch to the target of the
branch.  This increases coremark by about 2%.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 65c43b488b PMU: Add several more events
This implements most of the architected PMU events.  The ones missing
are mostly the ones that depend on which level of the cache hierarchy
data is fetched from.  The events implemented here, and their raw
event codes, are:

    Floating-point operation completed (100f4)
    Load completed (100fc)
    Store completed (200f0)
    Icache miss (200fc)
    ITLB miss (100f6)
    ITLB miss resolved (400fc)
    Dcache load miss (400f0)
    Dcache load miss resolved (300f8)
    Dcache store miss (300f0)
    DTLB miss (300fc)
    DTLB miss resolved (200f6)
    No instruction available and none being executed (100f8)
    Instruction dispatched (200f2, 300f2, 400f2)
    Taken branch instruction completed (200fa)
    Branch mispredicted (400f6)
    External interrupt taken (200f8)

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras a7873b45f7 core: Add a basic performance monitor unit (PMU) implementation
This is the start of an implementation of a PMU according to PowerISA
v3.0B.  Things not implemented yet include most architected events,
the BHRB, event-based branches, thresholding, MMCR0[TBCC] field, etc.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 64e3ce7134 execute1: Handle interrupts during sequences of load/store operations
At present the logic prevents any interrupts from being handled while
there is a load/store instruction (one that has unit=LDST) being
executed.  However, load/store instructions can still get sent to
loadstore1.  Thus an instruction which should generate an interrupt
such as a floating-point unavailable interrupt will instead get

To fix this, when we detect that an interrupt should be generated but
loadstore1 is still executing a previous instruction, we don't execute
any new instructions, and set a new r.intr_pending flag.  That results
in busy_out being asserted (meaning that no further instructions will
come in from decode2).  When loadstore1 has finished the instructions
it has, the interrupt gets sent to writeback.  If one of the
instructions in loadstore1 generates an interrupt in the meantime, the
l_in.interrupt signal gets asserted and that clears r.intr_pending, so
the interrupt we detected gets discarded.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 18120f153d MMU: Implement a vestigial partition table
This implements a 1-entry partition table, so that instead of getting
the process table base address from the PRTBL SPR, the MMU now reads
the doubleword pointed to by the PTCR register plus 8 to get the
process table base address.  The partition table entry is cached.

Having the PTCR and the vestigial partition table reduces the amount
of software change required in Linux for Microwatt support.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
3 years ago
Paul Mackerras 17fd069640 core: Allow multiple loadstore instructions to be in flight
The idea here is that we can have multiple instructions in progress at
the same time as long as they all go to the same unit, because that
unit will keep them in order.  If we get an instruction for a
different unit, we wait for all the previous instructions to finish
before executing it.  Since the loadstore unit is the only one that is
currently pipelined, this boils down to saying that loadstore
instructions can go ahead while l_in.in_progress = 1 but other
instructions have to wait until it is 0.

This gives a 2% increase on coremark performance on the Arty A7-100
(from ~190 to ~194).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras f636bb7c39 dcache: Fix bugs in pipelined operation
This fixes two bugs which show up when multiple operations are in
flight in the dcache, and adds a 'hold' input which will be needed
when loadstore1 is pipelined.

The first bug is that dcache needs to sample the data for a store on
the cycle after the store request comes in even if the store request
is held up because of a previous request (e.g. if the previous request
is a load miss or a dcbz).

The second bug is that a load request coming in for a cache line being
refilled needs to be handled immediately in the case where it is for
the row whose data arrives on the same cycle.  If it is not, then it
will be handled as a separate cache miss and the cache line will be
refilled again into a different way, leading to two ways both being
valid for the same tag.  This can lead to data corruption, in the
scenario where subsequent writes go to one of the ways and then that
way gets displaced but the other way doesn't.  This bug could in
principle show up even without having multiple operations in flight in
the dcache.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras acb3d2d745 core: Send FPU interrupts to writeback rather than execute1
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 29221315e9 core: Send loadstore1 interrupts to writeback rather than execute1
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 3cd3449b4b core: Move redirect and interrupt delivery logic to writeback
This moves the logic for redirecting fetching and writing SRR0 and
SRR1 to writeback.  The aim is that ultimately units other than
execute1 can send their interrupts to writeback along with their
instruction completions, so that there can be multiple instructions
in flight without needing execute1 to keep track of the address
of each outstanding instruction.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 4fd8d9509c execute1: Move CR result to data path process
Also work out in decode2 whether the instruction sets the XER common

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras ae2afeca5c core: Track CR hazards and bypasses using tags
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras d290d2a9bb core: Restore bypass path from execute1
This changes the bypass path.  Previously it went from after
execute1's output to after decode2's output.  Now it goes from before
execute1's output register to before decode2's output register.  The
reason is that the new path will be simpler to manage when there are
possibly multiple instructions in flight.  This means that the
bypassing can be managed inside decode2 and control.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras c0b45e153b core: Track GPR hazards using tags that propagate through the pipelines
This changes the way GPR hazards are detected and tracked.  Instead of
having a model of the pipeline in gpr_hazard.vhdl, which has to mirror
the behaviour of the real pipeline exactly, we now assign a 2-bit tag
to each instruction and record which GSPR the instruction writes.
Subsequent instructions that need to use the GSPR get the tag number
and stall until the value with that tag is being written back to the
register file.

For now, the forwarding paths are disabled.  That gives about a 8%
reduction in coremark performance.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras a1d7b54f76 core: Crack branches that update both CTR and LR
This uses the instruction doubling machinery to convert conditional
branch instructions that update both CTR and LR (e.g., bdnzl, bdnzlrl)
into two instructions, of which the first updates CTR and determines
whether the branch is taken, and the second updates LR and does the
redirect if necessary.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 4c61a71a62 core: Crack update-form loads into two internal ops
This uses the instruction-doubling machinery to send load with update
instructions down to loadstore1 as two separate ops, rather than
one op with two destinations.  This will help to simplify the value
tracking mechanisms.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 0fb207be60 fetch1: Implement a simple branch target cache
This implements a cache in fetch1, where each entry stores the address
of a simple branch instruction (b or bc) and the target of the branch.
When fetching sequentially, if the address being fetched matches the
cache entry, then fetching will be redirected to the branch target.
The cache has 1024 entries and is direct-mapped, i.e. indexed by bits
11..2 of the NIA.

The bus from execute1 now carries information about taken and
not-taken simple branches, which fetch1 uses to update the cache.
The cache entry is updated for both taken and not-taken branches, with
the valid bit being set if the branch was taken and cleared if the
branch was not taken.

If fetching is redirected to the branch target then that goes down the
pipe as a predicted-taken branch, and decode1 does not do any static
branch prediction.  If fetching is not redirected, then the next
instruction goes down the pipe as normal and decode1 does its static
branch prediction.

In order to make timing, the lookup of the cache is pipelined, so on
each cycle the cache entry for the current NIA + 8 is read.  This
means that after a redirect (from decode1 or execute1), only the third
and subsequent sequentially-fetched instructions will be able to be

This improves the coremark value on the Arty A7-100 from about 180 to
about 190 (more than 5%).

The BTC is optional.  Builds for the Artix 7 35-T part have it off by
default because the extra ~1420 LUTs it takes mean that the design
doesn't fit on the Arty A7-35 board.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras b0510fd1bb core: Reorganize execute1
This breaks up the enormous if .. elsif .. case .. elsif statement in
execute1 in order to try to make it simpler and more understandable.
We now have decode2 deciding whether the instruction has a value to be
written back to a register (GPR, GSPR, FPR, etc.) rather than
individual cases in execute1 setting result_en.  The computation of
the data to be written back is now independent of detection of various
exception conditions.  We now have an if block determining if any
exception condition exists which prevents the next instruction from
being executed, then the case statement which performs actions such as
setting carry/overflow bits, determining if a trap exception exists,
doing branches, etc., then an if statement for all the r.busy = 1
cases (continuing execution of an instruction which was started in a
previous cycle, or writing SRR1 for an interrupt).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 658feabfd4 core: Make result multiplexing explicit
This adds an explicit multiplexer feeding v.e.write_data in execute1,
with the select lines determined in the previous cycle based on the
insn_type.  Similarly, for multiply and divide instructions, there is
now an explicit multiplexer.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 6427cab46f loadstore1/dcache: Send store data one cycle later
This makes timing easier and also means that store floating-point
single precision instructions no longer need to take an extra cycle.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 89a67a18d0 decode: Add a facility field to the instruction decode tables
This makes it simpler to work out when to deliver a FPU unavailable
interrupt.  This also means we can get rid of the OP_FPLOAD and
OP_FPSTORE insn_type values.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 4b2c23703c core: Implement quadword loads and stores
This implements the lq, stq, lqarx and stqcx. instructions.

These instructions all access two consecutive GPRs; for example the
"lq %r6,0(%r3)" instruction will load the doubleword at the address
in R3 into R7 and the doubleword at address R3 + 8 into R6.  To cope
with having two GPR sources or destinations, the instruction gets
repeated at the decode2 stage, that is, for each lq/stq/lqarx/stqcx.
coming in from decode1, two instructions get sent out to execute1.

For these instructions, the RS or RT register gets modified on one
of the iterations by setting the LSB of the register number.  In LE
mode, the first iteration uses RS|1 or RT|1 and the second iteration
uses RS or RT.  In BE mode, this is done the other way around.  In
order for decode2 to know what endianness is currently in use, we
pass the big_endian flag down from icache through decode1 to decode2.
This is always in sync with what execute1 is using because only rfid
or an interrupt can change MSR[LE], and those operations all cause
a flush and redirect.

There is now an extra column in the decode tables in decode1 to
indicate whether the instruction needs to be repeated.  Decode1 also
enforces the rule that lq with RT = RT and lqarx with RA = RT or
RB = RT are illegal.

Decode2 now passes a 'repeat' flag and a 'second' flag to execute1,
and execute1 passes them on to loadstore1.  The 'repeat' flag is set
for both iterations of a repeated instruction, and 'second' is set
on the second iteration.  Execute1 does not take asynchronous or
trace interrupts on the second iteration of a repeated instruction.

Loadstore1 uses 'next_addr' for the second iteration of a repeated
load/store so that we access the second doubleword of the memory
operand.  Thus loadstore1 accesses the doublewords in increasing
memory order.  For 16-byte loads this means that the first iteration
writes GPR RT|1.  It is possible that RA = RT|1 (this is a legal
but non-preferred form), meaning that if the memory operand was
misaligned, the first iteration would overwrite RA but then the
second iteration might take a page fault, leading to corrupted state.
To avoid that possibility, 16-byte loads in LE mode take an
alignment interrupt if the operand is not 16-byte aligned.  (This
is the case anyway for lqarx, and we enforce it for lq as well.)

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Anton Blanchard 659be2780f Fully initialize FPU buses when FPU is disabled
Some of the bits in the FPU buses end up as z state. Yosys
flags them, so we may as well clean it up.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 856e9e955f core: Add framework for an FPU
This adds the skeleton of a floating-point unit and implements the
mffs and mtfsf instructions.

Execute1 sends FP instructions to the FPU and receives busy,
exception, FP interrupt and illegal interrupt signals from it.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 9d285a265c core: Add support for single-precision FP loads and stores
This adds code to loadstore1 to convert between single-precision and
double-precision formats, and implements the lfs* and stfs*
instructions.  The conversion processes are described in Power ISA
v3.1 Book 1 sections 4.6.2 and 4.6.3.

These conversions take one cycle, so lfs* and stfs* are one cycle
slower than lfd* and stfd*.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 45cd8f4fc3 core: Add support for floating-point loads and stores
This extends the register file so it can hold FPR values, and
implements the FP loads and stores that do not require conversion
between single and double precision.

We now have the FP, FE0 and FE1 bits in MSR.  FP loads and stores
cause a FP unavailable interrupt if MSR[FP] = 0.

The FPU facilities are optional and their presence is controlled by
the HAS_FPU generic passed down from the top-level board file.  It
defaults to true for all except the A7-35 boards.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras b589d2d472 execute1: Implement trace interrupts
Trace interrupts occur when the MSR[TE] field is non-zero and an
instruction other than rfid has been successfully completed.  A trace
interrupt occurs before the next instruction is executed or any
asynchronous interrupt is taken.

Since the trace interrupt is defined to set SRR1 bits depending on
whether the traced instruction is a load or an instruction treated as
a load, or a store or an instruction treated as a store, we need to
make sure the treated-as-a-load instructions (icbi, icbt, dcbt, dcbst,
dcbf) and the treated-as-a-store instructions (dcbtst, dcbz) have the
correct opcodes in decode1.  Several of them were previously marked as

We don't yet implement the SIAR or SDAR registers, which should be set
by trace interrupts.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras eee90a0815 loadstore1: Generate alignment interrupts for unaligned larx/stcx
Load-and-reserve and store-conditional instructions are required to
generate an alignment interrupt (0x600 vector) if their EA is not
aligned.  Implement this.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 033ee909fd core: Implement 32-bit mode
In 32-bit mode, effective addresses are truncated to 32 bits, both for
instruction fetches and data accesses, and CR0 is set for Rc=1 (record
form) instructions based on the lower 32 bits of the result rather
than all 64 bits.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 2e7b371305 core: Implement big-endian mode
Big-endian mode affects both instruction fetches and data accesses.
For instruction fetches, we byte-swap each word read from memory when
writing it into the icache data RAM, and use a tag bit to indicate
whether each cache line contains instructions in BE or LE form.

For data accesses, we simply need to invert the existing byte_reverse
signal in BE mode.  The only thing to be careful of is to get the sign
bit from the correct place when doing a sign-extending load that
crosses two doublewords of memory.

For now, interrupts unconditionally set MSR[LE].  We will need some
sort of interrupt-little-endian bit somewhere, perhaps in LPCR.

This also fixes a debug report statement in fetch1.vhdl.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 0fb8967290 core: Implement the TAR register and the bctar instruction
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 535341961d multiplier: Generalize interface to the multiplier
This makes the interface to the multiplier more general so an instance
of it can be used in the FPU.  It now has a 128-bit addend that is
added on to the product.  Instead of an input to negate the output,
it now has a "not_result" input to complement the output.  Execute1
uses not_result=1 and addend=-1 to get the effect of negating the
output.  The interface is defined this way because this is what can
be done easily with the Xilinx DSP slices in xilinx-mult.vhdl.

This also adds clock enable signals to the DSP slices, mostly for the
sake of reducing power consumption.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 91cbeee77c loadstore1: Generate busy signal earlier
This makes the calculation of busy as simple as possible and dependent
only on register outputs.  The timing of busy is critical, as it gates
the valid signal for the next instruction, and therefore any delays
in dropping busy at the end of a load or store directly impact the
timing of a host of other paths.

This also separates the 'done without error' and 'done with error'
cases from the MMU into separate signals that are both driven directly
from registers.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago
Jordan Niethe 17fc77cef2 core: Implement PVR register
Microwatt has been allocated a PVR version of 0x0063. Implement a PVR
with this value.

Signed-off-by: Jordan Niethe <>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 74062195ca execute1: Do forwarding of the CR result to the next instruction
This adds a path to allow the CR result of one instruction to be
forwarded to the next instruction, so that sequences such as
cmp; bc can avoid having a 1-cycle bubble.

Forwarding is not available for dot-form (Rc=1) instructions,
since the CR result for them is calculated in writeback.  The
decode.output_cr field is used to identify those instructions
that compute the CR result in execute1.

For some reason, the multiply instructions incorrectly had
output_cr = 1 in the decode tables.  This fixes that.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <>
4 years ago