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microwatt/common.vhdl

523 lines
19 KiB
VHDL

library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
use ieee.numeric_std.all;
library work;
use work.decode_types.all;
package common is
-- Processor Version Number
constant PVR_MICROWATT : std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0) := x"00630000";
-- MSR bit numbers
constant MSR_SF : integer := (63 - 0); -- Sixty-Four bit mode
constant MSR_EE : integer := (63 - 48); -- External interrupt Enable
constant MSR_PR : integer := (63 - 49); -- PRoblem state
constant MSR_FP : integer := (63 - 50); -- Floating Point available
constant MSR_FE0 : integer := (63 - 52); -- Floating Exception mode
constant MSR_SE : integer := (63 - 53); -- Single-step bit of TE field
constant MSR_BE : integer := (63 - 54); -- Branch trace bit of TE field
constant MSR_FE1 : integer := (63 - 55); -- Floating Exception mode
constant MSR_IR : integer := (63 - 58); -- Instruction Relocation
constant MSR_DR : integer := (63 - 59); -- Data Relocation
constant MSR_RI : integer := (63 - 62); -- Recoverable Interrupt
constant MSR_LE : integer := (63 - 63); -- Little Endian
-- SPR numbers
subtype spr_num_t is integer range 0 to 1023;
function decode_spr_num(insn: std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0)) return spr_num_t;
constant SPR_XER : spr_num_t := 1;
constant SPR_LR : spr_num_t := 8;
constant SPR_CTR : spr_num_t := 9;
constant SPR_TAR : spr_num_t := 815;
constant SPR_DSISR : spr_num_t := 18;
constant SPR_DAR : spr_num_t := 19;
constant SPR_TB : spr_num_t := 268;
constant SPR_TBU : spr_num_t := 269;
constant SPR_DEC : spr_num_t := 22;
constant SPR_SRR0 : spr_num_t := 26;
constant SPR_SRR1 : spr_num_t := 27;
constant SPR_CFAR : spr_num_t := 28;
constant SPR_HSRR0 : spr_num_t := 314;
constant SPR_HSRR1 : spr_num_t := 315;
constant SPR_SPRG0 : spr_num_t := 272;
constant SPR_SPRG1 : spr_num_t := 273;
constant SPR_SPRG2 : spr_num_t := 274;
constant SPR_SPRG3 : spr_num_t := 275;
constant SPR_SPRG3U : spr_num_t := 259;
constant SPR_HSPRG0 : spr_num_t := 304;
constant SPR_HSPRG1 : spr_num_t := 305;
constant SPR_PID : spr_num_t := 48;
constant SPR_PRTBL : spr_num_t := 720;
constant SPR_PVR : spr_num_t := 287;
-- GPR indices in the register file (GPR only)
subtype gpr_index_t is std_ulogic_vector(4 downto 0);
-- Extended GPR index (can hold an SPR or a FPR)
subtype gspr_index_t is std_ulogic_vector(6 downto 0);
-- FPR indices
subtype fpr_index_t is std_ulogic_vector(4 downto 0);
-- Some SPRs are stored in the register file, they use the magic
-- GPR numbers above 31.
--
-- The function fast_spr_num() returns the corresponding fast
-- pseudo-GPR number for a given SPR number. The result MSB
-- indicates if this is indeed a fast SPR. If clear, then
-- the SPR is not stored in the GPR file.
--
-- FPRs are also stored in the register file, using GSPR
-- numbers from 64 to 95.
--
function fast_spr_num(spr: spr_num_t) return gspr_index_t;
-- Indices conversion functions
function gspr_to_gpr(i: gspr_index_t) return gpr_index_t;
function gpr_to_gspr(i: gpr_index_t) return gspr_index_t;
function gpr_or_spr_to_gspr(g: gpr_index_t; s: gspr_index_t) return gspr_index_t;
function is_fast_spr(s: gspr_index_t) return std_ulogic;
function fpr_to_gspr(f: fpr_index_t) return gspr_index_t;
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
-- The XER is split: the common bits (CA, OV, SO, OV32 and CA32) are
-- in the CR file as a kind of CR extension (with a separate write
-- control). The rest is stored as a fast SPR.
type xer_common_t is record
ca : std_ulogic;
ca32 : std_ulogic;
ov : std_ulogic;
ov32 : std_ulogic;
so : std_ulogic;
end record;
constant xerc_init : xer_common_t := (others => '0');
type irq_state_t is (WRITE_SRR0, WRITE_SRR1);
-- For now, fixed 16 sources, make this either a parametric
-- package of some sort or an unconstrainted array.
type ics_to_icp_t is record
-- Level interrupts only, ICS just keeps prsenting the
-- highest priority interrupt. Once handling edge, something
-- smarter involving handshake & reject support will be needed
src : std_ulogic_vector(3 downto 0);
pri : std_ulogic_vector(7 downto 0);
end record;
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
-- This needs to die...
type ctrl_t is record
tb: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
dec: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
msr: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
cfar: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
irq_state : irq_state_t;
srr1: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type Fetch1ToIcacheType is record
req: std_ulogic;
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
virt_mode : std_ulogic;
priv_mode : std_ulogic;
big_endian : std_ulogic;
stop_mark: std_ulogic;
sequential: std_ulogic;
nia: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type IcacheToDecode1Type is record
valid: std_ulogic;
stop_mark: std_ulogic;
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
fetch_failed: std_ulogic;
nia: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
insn: std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
end record;
type Decode1ToDecode2Type is record
valid: std_ulogic;
stop_mark : std_ulogic;
nia: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
insn: std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
ispr1: gspr_index_t; -- (G)SPR used for branch condition (CTR) or mfspr
ispr2: gspr_index_t; -- (G)SPR used for branch target (CTR, LR, TAR)
decode: decode_rom_t;
br_pred: std_ulogic; -- Branch was predicted to be taken
end record;
constant Decode1ToDecode2Init : Decode1ToDecode2Type :=
(valid => '0', stop_mark => '0', nia => (others => '0'), insn => (others => '0'),
ispr1 => (others => '0'), ispr2 => (others => '0'), decode => decode_rom_init, br_pred => '0');
type Decode1ToFetch1Type is record
redirect : std_ulogic;
redirect_nia : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type Decode2ToExecute1Type is record
valid: std_ulogic;
unit : unit_t;
insn_type: insn_type_t;
nia: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
write_reg: gspr_index_t;
read_reg1: gspr_index_t;
read_reg2: gspr_index_t;
read_data1: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
read_data2: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
read_data3: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
bypass_data1: std_ulogic;
bypass_data2: std_ulogic;
bypass_data3: std_ulogic;
cr: std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
bypass_cr : std_ulogic;
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
xerc: xer_common_t;
lr: std_ulogic;
rc: std_ulogic;
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
oe: std_ulogic;
invert_a: std_ulogic;
invert_out: std_ulogic;
input_carry: carry_in_t;
output_carry: std_ulogic;
input_cr: std_ulogic;
output_cr: std_ulogic;
is_32bit: std_ulogic;
is_signed: std_ulogic;
insn: std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
data_len: std_ulogic_vector(3 downto 0);
byte_reverse : std_ulogic;
sign_extend : std_ulogic; -- do we need to sign extend?
update : std_ulogic; -- is this an update instruction?
reserve : std_ulogic; -- set for larx/stcx
br_pred : std_ulogic;
end record;
constant Decode2ToExecute1Init : Decode2ToExecute1Type :=
(valid => '0', unit => NONE, insn_type => OP_ILLEGAL, bypass_data1 => '0', bypass_data2 => '0', bypass_data3 => '0',
bypass_cr => '0', lr => '0', rc => '0', oe => '0', invert_a => '0',
invert_out => '0', input_carry => ZERO, output_carry => '0', input_cr => '0', output_cr => '0',
is_32bit => '0', is_signed => '0', xerc => xerc_init, reserve => '0', br_pred => '0',
byte_reverse => '0', sign_extend => '0', update => '0', nia => (others => '0'), read_data1 => (others => '0'), read_data2 => (others => '0'), read_data3 => (others => '0'), cr => (others => '0'), insn => (others => '0'), data_len => (others => '0'), others => (others => '0'));
type MultiplyInputType is record
valid: std_ulogic;
data1: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
data2: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
addend: std_ulogic_vector(127 downto 0);
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
is_32bit: std_ulogic;
not_result: std_ulogic;
end record;
constant MultiplyInputInit : MultiplyInputType := (valid => '0',
is_32bit => '0', not_result => '0',
others => (others => '0'));
type MultiplyOutputType is record
valid: std_ulogic;
result: std_ulogic_vector(127 downto 0);
overflow : std_ulogic;
end record;
constant MultiplyOutputInit : MultiplyOutputType := (valid => '0', overflow => '0',
others => (others => '0'));
type Execute1ToDividerType is record
valid: std_ulogic;
dividend: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
divisor: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
is_signed: std_ulogic;
is_32bit: std_ulogic;
is_extended: std_ulogic;
is_modulus: std_ulogic;
neg_result: std_ulogic;
end record;
constant Execute1ToDividerInit: Execute1ToDividerType := (valid => '0', is_signed => '0', is_32bit => '0',
is_extended => '0', is_modulus => '0',
neg_result => '0', others => (others => '0'));
type Decode2ToRegisterFileType is record
read1_enable : std_ulogic;
read1_reg : gspr_index_t;
read2_enable : std_ulogic;
read2_reg : gspr_index_t;
read3_enable : std_ulogic;
read3_reg : gspr_index_t;
end record;
type RegisterFileToDecode2Type is record
read1_data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
read2_data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
read3_data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type Decode2ToCrFileType is record
read : std_ulogic;
end record;
type CrFileToDecode2Type is record
read_cr_data : std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
read_xerc_data : xer_common_t;
end record;
type Execute1ToFetch1Type is record
redirect: std_ulogic;
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
virt_mode: std_ulogic;
priv_mode: std_ulogic;
big_endian: std_ulogic;
mode_32bit: std_ulogic;
redirect_nia: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
constant Execute1ToFetch1Init : Execute1ToFetch1Type := (redirect => '0', virt_mode => '0',
priv_mode => '0', big_endian => '0',
mode_32bit => '0', others => (others => '0'));
type Execute1ToLoadstore1Type is record
valid : std_ulogic;
dcache: Implement data TLB This adds a TLB to dcache, providing the ability to translate addresses for loads and stores. No protection mechanism has been implemented yet. The MSR_DR bit controls whether addresses are translated through the TLB. The TLB is a fixed-pagesize, set-associative cache. Currently the page size is 4kB and the TLB is 2-way set associative with 64 entries per set. This implements the tlbie instruction. RB bits 10 and 11 control whether the whole TLB is invalidated (if either bit is 1) or just a single entry corresponding to the effective page number in bits 12-63 of RB. As an extension until we get a hardware page table walk, a tlbie instruction with RB bits 9-11 set to 001 will load an entry into the TLB. The TLB entry value is in RS in the format of a radix PTE. Currently there is no proper handling of TLB misses. The load or store will not be performed but no interrupt is generated. In order to make timing at 100MHz on the Arty A7-100, we compare the real address from each way of the TLB with the tag from each way of the cache in parallel (requiring # TLB ways * # cache ways comparators). Then the result is selected based on which way hit in the TLB. That avoids a timing path going through the TLB EA comparators, the multiplexer that selects the RA, and the cache tag comparators. The hack where addresses of the form 0xc------- are marked as cache-inhibited is kept for now but restricted to real-mode accesses. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
op : insn_type_t; -- what ld/st or m[tf]spr or TLB op to do
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
nia : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
insn : std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
addr1 : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
addr2 : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0); -- data to write, unused for read
write_reg : gspr_index_t;
length : std_ulogic_vector(3 downto 0);
ci : std_ulogic; -- cache-inhibited load/store
byte_reverse : std_ulogic;
sign_extend : std_ulogic; -- do we need to sign extend?
update : std_ulogic; -- is this an update instruction?
update_reg : gpr_index_t; -- if so, the register to update
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
xerc : xer_common_t;
reserve : std_ulogic; -- set for larx/stcx.
rc : std_ulogic; -- set for stcx.
dcache: Implement data TLB This adds a TLB to dcache, providing the ability to translate addresses for loads and stores. No protection mechanism has been implemented yet. The MSR_DR bit controls whether addresses are translated through the TLB. The TLB is a fixed-pagesize, set-associative cache. Currently the page size is 4kB and the TLB is 2-way set associative with 64 entries per set. This implements the tlbie instruction. RB bits 10 and 11 control whether the whole TLB is invalidated (if either bit is 1) or just a single entry corresponding to the effective page number in bits 12-63 of RB. As an extension until we get a hardware page table walk, a tlbie instruction with RB bits 9-11 set to 001 will load an entry into the TLB. The TLB entry value is in RS in the format of a radix PTE. Currently there is no proper handling of TLB misses. The load or store will not be performed but no interrupt is generated. In order to make timing at 100MHz on the Arty A7-100, we compare the real address from each way of the TLB with the tag from each way of the cache in parallel (requiring # TLB ways * # cache ways comparators). Then the result is selected based on which way hit in the TLB. That avoids a timing path going through the TLB EA comparators, the multiplexer that selects the RA, and the cache tag comparators. The hack where addresses of the form 0xc------- are marked as cache-inhibited is kept for now but restricted to real-mode accesses. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
virt_mode : std_ulogic; -- do translation through TLB
priv_mode : std_ulogic; -- privileged mode (MSR[PR] = 0)
mode_32bit : std_ulogic; -- trim addresses to 32 bits
is_32bit : std_ulogic;
end record;
constant Execute1ToLoadstore1Init : Execute1ToLoadstore1Type := (valid => '0', op => OP_ILLEGAL, ci => '0', byte_reverse => '0',
sign_extend => '0', update => '0', xerc => xerc_init,
reserve => '0', rc => '0', virt_mode => '0', priv_mode => '0',
nia => (others => '0'), insn => (others => '0'),
addr1 => (others => '0'), addr2 => (others => '0'), data => (others => '0'),
write_reg => (others => '0'), length => (others => '0'),
mode_32bit => '0', is_32bit => '0', others => (others => '0'));
type Loadstore1ToExecute1Type is record
busy : std_ulogic;
exception : std_ulogic;
alignment : std_ulogic;
invalid : std_ulogic;
perm_error : std_ulogic;
rc_error : std_ulogic;
badtree : std_ulogic;
segment_fault : std_ulogic;
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
instr_fault : std_ulogic;
end record;
type Loadstore1ToDcacheType is record
valid : std_ulogic;
dcache: Implement data TLB This adds a TLB to dcache, providing the ability to translate addresses for loads and stores. No protection mechanism has been implemented yet. The MSR_DR bit controls whether addresses are translated through the TLB. The TLB is a fixed-pagesize, set-associative cache. Currently the page size is 4kB and the TLB is 2-way set associative with 64 entries per set. This implements the tlbie instruction. RB bits 10 and 11 control whether the whole TLB is invalidated (if either bit is 1) or just a single entry corresponding to the effective page number in bits 12-63 of RB. As an extension until we get a hardware page table walk, a tlbie instruction with RB bits 9-11 set to 001 will load an entry into the TLB. The TLB entry value is in RS in the format of a radix PTE. Currently there is no proper handling of TLB misses. The load or store will not be performed but no interrupt is generated. In order to make timing at 100MHz on the Arty A7-100, we compare the real address from each way of the TLB with the tag from each way of the cache in parallel (requiring # TLB ways * # cache ways comparators). Then the result is selected based on which way hit in the TLB. That avoids a timing path going through the TLB EA comparators, the multiplexer that selects the RA, and the cache tag comparators. The hack where addresses of the form 0xc------- are marked as cache-inhibited is kept for now but restricted to real-mode accesses. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
load : std_ulogic; -- is this a load
dcbz : std_ulogic;
nc : std_ulogic;
reserve : std_ulogic;
dcache: Implement data TLB This adds a TLB to dcache, providing the ability to translate addresses for loads and stores. No protection mechanism has been implemented yet. The MSR_DR bit controls whether addresses are translated through the TLB. The TLB is a fixed-pagesize, set-associative cache. Currently the page size is 4kB and the TLB is 2-way set associative with 64 entries per set. This implements the tlbie instruction. RB bits 10 and 11 control whether the whole TLB is invalidated (if either bit is 1) or just a single entry corresponding to the effective page number in bits 12-63 of RB. As an extension until we get a hardware page table walk, a tlbie instruction with RB bits 9-11 set to 001 will load an entry into the TLB. The TLB entry value is in RS in the format of a radix PTE. Currently there is no proper handling of TLB misses. The load or store will not be performed but no interrupt is generated. In order to make timing at 100MHz on the Arty A7-100, we compare the real address from each way of the TLB with the tag from each way of the cache in parallel (requiring # TLB ways * # cache ways comparators). Then the result is selected based on which way hit in the TLB. That avoids a timing path going through the TLB EA comparators, the multiplexer that selects the RA, and the cache tag comparators. The hack where addresses of the form 0xc------- are marked as cache-inhibited is kept for now but restricted to real-mode accesses. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
virt_mode : std_ulogic;
priv_mode : std_ulogic;
addr : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
byte_sel : std_ulogic_vector(7 downto 0);
end record;
type DcacheToLoadstore1Type is record
valid : std_ulogic;
data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
store_done : std_ulogic;
error : std_ulogic;
cache_paradox : std_ulogic;
end record;
type Loadstore1ToMmuType is record
valid : std_ulogic;
tlbie : std_ulogic;
slbia : std_ulogic;
MMU: Implement radix page table machinery This adds the necessary machinery to the MMU for it to do radix page table walks. The core elements are a shifter that can shift the address right by between 0 and 47 bits, a mask generator that can generate a mask of between 5 and 16 bits, a final mask generator, and new states in the state machine. (The final mask generator is used for transferring bits of the original address into the resulting TLB entry when the leaf PTE corresponds to a page size larger than 4kB.) The hardware does not implement a partition table or a process table. Software is expected to load the appropriate process table entry into a new SPR called PGTBL0, SPR 720. The contents should be formatted as described in Book III section 5.7.6.2 of the Power ISA v3.0B. PGTBL0 is set to 0 on hard reset. At present, the top two bits of the address (the quadrant) are ignored. There is currently no caching of any step in the translation process or of the final result, other than the entry created in the dTLB. That entry is a 4k page entry even if the leaf PTE found in the walk corresponds to a larger page size. This implementation can handle almost any page table layout and any page size. The RTS field (in PGTBL0) can have any value between 0 and 31, corresponding to a total address space size between 2^31 and 2^62 bytes. The RPDS field of PGTBL0 can be any value between 5 and 16, except that a value of 0 is taken to disable radix page table walking (for use when one is using software loading of TLB entries). The NLS field of the page directory entries can have any value between 5 and 16. The minimum page size is 4kB, meaning that the sum of RPDS and the NLS values of the PDEs found on the path to a leaf PTE must be less than or equal to RTS + 31 - 12. The PGTBL0 SPR is in the mmu module; thus this adds a path for loadstore1 to read and write SPRs in mmu. This adds code in dcache to service doubleword read requests from the MMU, as well as requests to write dTLB entries. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
mtspr : std_ulogic;
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
iside : std_ulogic;
load : std_ulogic;
priv : std_ulogic;
sprn : std_ulogic_vector(9 downto 0);
addr : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
rs : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type MmuToLoadstore1Type is record
done : std_ulogic;
err : std_ulogic;
invalid : std_ulogic;
badtree : std_ulogic;
segerr : std_ulogic;
perm_error : std_ulogic;
rc_error : std_ulogic;
sprval : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type MmuToDcacheType is record
valid : std_ulogic;
tlbie : std_ulogic;
doall : std_ulogic;
MMU: Implement radix page table machinery This adds the necessary machinery to the MMU for it to do radix page table walks. The core elements are a shifter that can shift the address right by between 0 and 47 bits, a mask generator that can generate a mask of between 5 and 16 bits, a final mask generator, and new states in the state machine. (The final mask generator is used for transferring bits of the original address into the resulting TLB entry when the leaf PTE corresponds to a page size larger than 4kB.) The hardware does not implement a partition table or a process table. Software is expected to load the appropriate process table entry into a new SPR called PGTBL0, SPR 720. The contents should be formatted as described in Book III section 5.7.6.2 of the Power ISA v3.0B. PGTBL0 is set to 0 on hard reset. At present, the top two bits of the address (the quadrant) are ignored. There is currently no caching of any step in the translation process or of the final result, other than the entry created in the dTLB. That entry is a 4k page entry even if the leaf PTE found in the walk corresponds to a larger page size. This implementation can handle almost any page table layout and any page size. The RTS field (in PGTBL0) can have any value between 0 and 31, corresponding to a total address space size between 2^31 and 2^62 bytes. The RPDS field of PGTBL0 can be any value between 5 and 16, except that a value of 0 is taken to disable radix page table walking (for use when one is using software loading of TLB entries). The NLS field of the page directory entries can have any value between 5 and 16. The minimum page size is 4kB, meaning that the sum of RPDS and the NLS values of the PDEs found on the path to a leaf PTE must be less than or equal to RTS + 31 - 12. The PGTBL0 SPR is in the mmu module; thus this adds a path for loadstore1 to read and write SPRs in mmu. This adds code in dcache to service doubleword read requests from the MMU, as well as requests to write dTLB entries. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
tlbld : std_ulogic;
addr : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
pte : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type DcacheToMmuType is record
stall : std_ulogic;
done : std_ulogic;
MMU: Implement radix page table machinery This adds the necessary machinery to the MMU for it to do radix page table walks. The core elements are a shifter that can shift the address right by between 0 and 47 bits, a mask generator that can generate a mask of between 5 and 16 bits, a final mask generator, and new states in the state machine. (The final mask generator is used for transferring bits of the original address into the resulting TLB entry when the leaf PTE corresponds to a page size larger than 4kB.) The hardware does not implement a partition table or a process table. Software is expected to load the appropriate process table entry into a new SPR called PGTBL0, SPR 720. The contents should be formatted as described in Book III section 5.7.6.2 of the Power ISA v3.0B. PGTBL0 is set to 0 on hard reset. At present, the top two bits of the address (the quadrant) are ignored. There is currently no caching of any step in the translation process or of the final result, other than the entry created in the dTLB. That entry is a 4k page entry even if the leaf PTE found in the walk corresponds to a larger page size. This implementation can handle almost any page table layout and any page size. The RTS field (in PGTBL0) can have any value between 0 and 31, corresponding to a total address space size between 2^31 and 2^62 bytes. The RPDS field of PGTBL0 can be any value between 5 and 16, except that a value of 0 is taken to disable radix page table walking (for use when one is using software loading of TLB entries). The NLS field of the page directory entries can have any value between 5 and 16. The minimum page size is 4kB, meaning that the sum of RPDS and the NLS values of the PDEs found on the path to a leaf PTE must be less than or equal to RTS + 31 - 12. The PGTBL0 SPR is in the mmu module; thus this adds a path for loadstore1 to read and write SPRs in mmu. This adds code in dcache to service doubleword read requests from the MMU, as well as requests to write dTLB entries. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
err : std_ulogic;
data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
type MmuToIcacheType is record
tlbld : std_ulogic;
tlbie : std_ulogic;
doall : std_ulogic;
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
addr : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
pte : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
type Loadstore1ToWritebackType is record
valid : std_ulogic;
write_enable: std_ulogic;
write_reg : gspr_index_t;
write_data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
xerc : xer_common_t;
rc : std_ulogic;
store_done : std_ulogic;
end record;
constant Loadstore1ToWritebackInit : Loadstore1ToWritebackType := (valid => '0', write_enable => '0', xerc => xerc_init,
rc => '0', store_done => '0', write_data => (others => '0'), others => (others => '0'));
type Execute1ToWritebackType is record
valid: std_ulogic;
rc : std_ulogic;
mode_32bit : std_ulogic;
write_enable : std_ulogic;
write_reg: gspr_index_t;
write_data: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
write_cr_enable : std_ulogic;
write_cr_mask : std_ulogic_vector(7 downto 0);
write_cr_data : std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
write_xerc_enable : std_ulogic;
xerc : xer_common_t;
exc_write_enable : std_ulogic;
exc_write_reg : gspr_index_t;
exc_write_data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
end record;
constant Execute1ToWritebackInit : Execute1ToWritebackType := (valid => '0', rc => '0', mode_32bit => '0', write_enable => '0',
write_cr_enable => '0', exc_write_enable => '0',
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
write_xerc_enable => '0', xerc => xerc_init,
write_data => (others => '0'), write_cr_mask => (others => '0'),
write_cr_data => (others => '0'), write_reg => (others => '0'),
exc_write_reg => (others => '0'), exc_write_data => (others => '0'));
type DividerToExecute1Type is record
valid: std_ulogic;
write_reg_data: std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
overflow : std_ulogic;
end record;
constant DividerToExecute1Init : DividerToExecute1Type := (valid => '0', overflow => '0',
others => (others => '0'));
type WritebackToRegisterFileType is record
write_reg : gspr_index_t;
write_data : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);
write_enable : std_ulogic;
end record;
constant WritebackToRegisterFileInit : WritebackToRegisterFileType := (write_enable => '0', write_data => (others => '0'), others => (others => '0'));
type WritebackToCrFileType is record
write_cr_enable : std_ulogic;
write_cr_mask : std_ulogic_vector(7 downto 0);
write_cr_data : std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0);
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
write_xerc_enable : std_ulogic;
write_xerc_data : xer_common_t;
end record;
Add basic XER support The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of the other XER fields. This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32). The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits. We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to) and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't yet implement them). To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div) are running single issue for now. One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value, thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value. I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute. Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx. [paulus@ozlabs.org - fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of arguments to set_ov] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
constant WritebackToCrFileInit : WritebackToCrFileType := (write_cr_enable => '0', write_xerc_enable => '0',
write_xerc_data => xerc_init,
write_cr_mask => (others => '0'),
write_cr_data => (others => '0'));
end common;
package body common is
function decode_spr_num(insn: std_ulogic_vector(31 downto 0)) return spr_num_t is
begin
return to_integer(unsigned(insn(15 downto 11) & insn(20 downto 16)));
end;
function fast_spr_num(spr: spr_num_t) return gspr_index_t is
variable n : integer range 0 to 31;
-- tmp variable introduced as workaround for VCS compilation
-- simulation was failing with subtype constraint mismatch error
-- see GitHub PR #173
variable tmp : std_ulogic_vector(4 downto 0);
begin
case spr is
when SPR_LR =>
n := 0;
when SPR_CTR =>
n:= 1;
when SPR_SRR0 =>
n := 2;
when SPR_SRR1 =>
n := 3;
when SPR_HSRR0 =>
n := 4;
when SPR_HSRR1 =>
n := 5;
when SPR_SPRG0 =>
n := 6;
when SPR_SPRG1 =>
n := 7;
when SPR_SPRG2 =>
n := 8;
when SPR_SPRG3 | SPR_SPRG3U =>
n := 9;
when SPR_HSPRG0 =>
n := 10;
when SPR_HSPRG1 =>
n := 11;
when SPR_XER =>
n := 12;
when SPR_TAR =>
n := 13;
when others =>
n := 0;
return "0000000";
end case;
tmp := std_ulogic_vector(to_unsigned(n, 5));
return "01" & tmp;
end;
function gspr_to_gpr(i: gspr_index_t) return gpr_index_t is
begin
return i(4 downto 0);
end;
function gpr_to_gspr(i: gpr_index_t) return gspr_index_t is
begin
return "00" & i;
end;
function gpr_or_spr_to_gspr(g: gpr_index_t; s: gspr_index_t) return gspr_index_t is
begin
if s(5) = '1' then
return s;
else
return gpr_to_gspr(g);