Commit Graph

37 Commits (bf36ea365b9998f5cf8e1cb082fc1d8c78cb6721)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Paul Mackerras 4a4a98d4b9
core: Do addpcis using the main adder (#189)
By adding logic to decode2 to be able to send the instruction address
down the A input, and making CONST_DX_HI (renamed to CONST_DXHI4) add
4 to the immediate value (easy since the bottom 16 bits were zero),
we can do addpcis using the main adder.  This reduces the width of the
result mux and frees up one value in insn_type_t, since we can now use
OP_ADD for addpcis.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Shawn Anastasio e606772aeb Implement the addpcis instruction
This commit adds support for the addpcis instruction from ISA 3.0.

A new input_reg_b_t type, CONST_DX_HI, was added to support the
shifted immediate value used in DX-Form instructions.

Signed-off-by: Shawn Anastasio <shawn@anastas.io>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 3d4712ad43 Add TLB to icache
This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default.
Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along
with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be
translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache.
Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege
mode for instruction fetches.  This means that changes to MSR[IR]
or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an
isync, rfid, branch, etc.

The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction
address) to index the TLB.  The hash is an XOR of three fields of the
address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and
24--29 of the address.  TLB invalidations simply invalidate the
indexed TLB entry without checking the contents.

If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a
fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it
into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST.  That will get
sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction
Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception.

One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an
instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3).  If bit 3
is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to
fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED.  Any PTEs
with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put
into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any
context.

Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection.

Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 750b3a8e28 dcache: Implement data TLB
This adds a TLB to dcache, providing the ability to translate
addresses for loads and stores.  No protection mechanism has been
implemented yet.  The MSR_DR bit controls whether addresses are
translated through the TLB.

The TLB is a fixed-pagesize, set-associative cache.  Currently
the page size is 4kB and the TLB is 2-way set associative with 64
entries per set.

This implements the tlbie instruction.  RB bits 10 and 11 control
whether the whole TLB is invalidated (if either bit is 1) or just
a single entry corresponding to the effective page number in bits
12-63 of RB.

As an extension until we get a hardware page table walk, a tlbie
instruction with RB bits 9-11 set to 001 will load an entry into
the TLB.  The TLB entry value is in RS in the format of a radix PTE.

Currently there is no proper handling of TLB misses.  The load or
store will not be performed but no interrupt is generated.

In order to make timing at 100MHz on the Arty A7-100, we compare
the real address from each way of the TLB with the tag from each way
of the cache in parallel (requiring # TLB ways * # cache ways
comparators).  Then the result is selected based on which way hit in
the TLB.  That avoids a timing path going through the TLB EA
comparators, the multiplexer that selects the RA, and the cache tag
comparators.

The hack where addresses of the form 0xc------- are marked as
cache-inhibited is kept for now but restricted to real-mode accesses.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 278ac5e0eb Remove sim_config instruction
It's not used any more, and it's not in the ISA.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 381149b2cc Consolidate trap variants under a single OP_TRAP
This replaces OP_TD, OP_TDI, OP_TW and OP_TWI with a single OP_TRAP,
distinguishing the cases by the input_reg_b and is_32bit fields of
the decode ROM.  This adds the twi and td cases to the decode tables.

For now we make all of the trap instructions unconditionally generate
a trap-type program interrupt if the TO field of the instruction is
all ones, and do nothing otherwise.

This reduces the number of values in insn_type_t from 65 to 62,
meaning that an insn_type_t can now be encoded in 6 bits rather
than 7.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras fe077a116a Rename OP_MCRF to OP_CROP and trim insn_type_t
OP_MCRF covers the CR logical ops as well as mcrf since commit
c05441bf47 ("Implement CRNOR and friends"), so this renames
OP_MCRF to OP_CROP.  The OP_* values for the individual CR logical
ops (OP_CRAND, etc.) are not used, so remove them from insn_type_t.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
Michael Neuling 5ef5604b65 Add sc, illegal and decrementer exceptions and some supervisor state
This adds the following exceptions:
 - 0x700 program check (for illegal instructions)
 - 0x900 decrementer
 - 0xc00 system call

This also adds some supervisor state:
 - decremeter
 - msr
(SPRG0/1 and SRR0/1 already exist as fast SPRs)

It also adds some supporting instructions:
 - rfid
 - mtmsrd
 - mfmsr
 - sc

MSR state is added but only EE is used in this patch set. Other bits
are read/written but are not used at all.

This adds a 2 stage state machine to execute1.vhdl. This state machine
allows fast SPRS SRR0/1 to be written in different cycles. This state
machine can be extended later to add DAR and DSISR SPR writing for
more complex exceptions like page faults.

Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
4 years ago
Paul Mackerras 0c714f1be6 execute: Move popcnt and prty instructions into the logical unit
This implements logic in the logical entity to calculate the results
of the popcnt* and prty* instructions.  We now have one insn_type_t
value for the 3 popcnt variants and one for the two prty variants,
using the length field of the decode_rom_t to distinguish between
them.  The implementations in logical.vhdl using recursive
algorithms rather than the simple functions in ppc_fx_insns.vhdl.

This gives a saving of about 140 slice LUTs on the A7-100 and
improves timing slightly.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras d2ca625b3b execute: Do comparisons using the main adder
This handles OP_CMP like a subtraction; the main adder computes
~RA + RB + 1, and the condition codes are computed from the results.
A direct comparison of the two input operands is used to calculate the
EQ bit of the condition result.  The LT and GT bits are computed from
the MSB of the subtraction result, the carry out from the subtraction,
and the MSBs of the operands.  For a 32-bit comparison, the 32-bit
carry and bit 31 of the result and input operands are used; for a
64-bit comparison, the 64-bit carry and bit 63 of the operands and
result are used.

It turns out to be more convenient to use the 'signed' field of
the decode table to distinguish signed from unsigned comparisons,
rather than the insn_type.  Therefore this uses OP_CMP for both
cmp and cmpl, which also has the benefit of reducing the number
of values in insn_type_t.

Doing this saves over 200 slice LUTs on the Arty A7-100 and improves
timing slightly as well.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 39d18d2738 Make divider hang off the side of execute1
With this, the divider is a unit that execute1 sends operands to and
which sends its results back to execute1, which then send them to
writeback.  Execute1 now sends a stall signal when it gets a divide
or modulus instruction until it gets a valid signal back from the
divider.  Divide and modulus instructions are no longer marked as
single-issue.

The data formatting step that used to be done in decode2 for div
and mod instructions is now done in execute1.  We also do the
absolute value operation in that same cycle instead of taking an
extra cycle inside the divider for signed operations with a
negative operand.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 2167186b5f Make multiplier hang off the side of execute1
With this, the multiplier isn't a separate pipe that decode2 issues
instructions to, but rather is a unit that execute1 sends operands
to and which sends the result back to execute1, which then sends it
to writeback.  Execute1 now sends a stall signal when it gets a
multiply instruction until it gets a valid signal back from the
multiplier.

This all means that we no longer need to mark the multiply
instructions as single-issue.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt e4f475e17f sprs: Store common SPRs in register file
This stores the most common SPRs in the register file.

This includes CTR and LR and a not yet final list of others.

The register file is set to 64 entries for now. Specific types
are defined that can represent a GPR index (gpr_index_t) or
a GPR/SPR index (gspr_index_t) along with conversion functions
between the two.

On order to deal with some forms of branch updating both LR and
CTR, we introduced a delayed update of LR after a branch link.

Note: We currently stall the pipeline on such a delayed branch,
but we could avoid stalling fetch in that specific case as we
know we have a branch delay. We could also limit that to the
specific case where we need to update both CTR and LR.

This allows us to make bcreg, mtspr and mfspr pipelined. decode1
will automatically force the single issue flag on mfspr/mtspr to
a "slow" SPR.

[paulus@ozlabs.org - fix direction of decode2.stall_in]

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 797b1bb045 decode: Reformat decode_types.vhdl
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 4433118c91
Merge pull request #105 from paulusmack/writeback
Writeback
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 9646fe28b0 Do sign-extension instructions in writeback instead of execute1
This makes the exts[bhw] instructions do the sign extension in the
writeback stage using the sign-extension logic there instead of
having unique sign extension logic in execute1.  This requires
passing the data length and sign extend flag from decode2 down
through execute1 and execute2 and into writeback.  As a side bonus
we reduce the number of values in insn_type_t by two.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 86c53aa3f7 Implement neg using OP_ADD
We have all the machinery in place to implement the neg instruction
as OP_ADD.  Doing that means we can ditch OP_NEG, and saves about
66 slice LUTs on the A7-100.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 24a4a796ce execute: Consolidate count-leading/trailing-zeroes implementations
This adds combinatorial logic that does 32-bit and 64-bit count
leading and trailing zeroes in one unit, and consolidates the
four instructions under a single OP_CNTZ opcode.

This saves 84 slice LUTs on the Arty A7-100.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard b8fb721b81 Consolidate logical instructions
Consolidate and/andc/nand, or/orc/nor and xor/eqv, using a common
invert on the input and output. This saves us about 200 LUTs.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras f7c393ba7e Add a rotate/mask/shift unit and use it in execute1
This adds a new entity 'rotator' which contains combinatorial logic
for rotating and masking 64-bit values.  It implements the operations
of the rlwinm, rlwnm, rlwimi, rldicl, rldicr, rldic, rldimi, rldcl,
rldcr, sld, slw, srd, srw, srad, sradi, sraw and srawi instructions.
It consists of a 3-stage 64-bit rotator using 4:1 multiplexors at
each stage, two mask generators, output logic and control logic.

The insn_type_t values used for these instructions have been reduced
to just 5: OP_RLC, OP_RLCL and OP_RLCR for the rotate and mask
instructions (clear both left and right, clear left, clear right
variants), OP_SHL for left shifts, and OP_SHR for right shifts.
The control signals for the rotator are derived from the opcode
and from the is_32bit and is_signed fields of the decode_rom_t.

The rotator is instantiated as an entity in execute1 so that we can
be sure we only have one of it.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 90b6e27380 Generalize the mul_32bit and mul_signed fields of decode_rom_t
This changes the names of the mul_32bit and mul_signed fields of
decode_rom_t to is_32bit and is_signed, so they can be used with
other types of operations besides multiplies.

This plumbs the is_32bit and is_signed flags down into execute1,
though they are not used at this point.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 7fe84220a5 decode: Avoid multiplexing from instruction reg fields to regfile address ports
This aims to simplify the logic between the instruction image and
the register file read address ports and reduce the size of the decode
tables.  With this patch, the input_reg_a column of the decode tables
can only select RA or zeroes, the input_reg_b column can only select
RB or a constant (0, -1, or an immediate value from the instruction),
and the input_reg_c columns can only select RS or zeroes.

That means that the rotate/shift/logical ops now have their first
input coming in via the input_reg_c column.  That means we need to
add a read_data3 field to the Decode2ToExecuteType record, but that
will go away again when we split out the rotate/mask/logical ops to
their own unit.

As a related but not tightly connected change, this patch also sets
the read1_enable signal to the register file be 0 when RA=0 and the
input_reg_a for the instruction is RA_OR_ZERO (previously it was 1).

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 96b402a4bf Consolidate add/subtract instructions into a single op
All of the PPC add and subtract instructions, including carrying
and extended versions, do much the same arithmetic operation:

	result = (I xor A) + B + C

where A is the value from RA, I provides a logical inversion of A
(i.e. I is 0 or -1), B is either from RB or is a constant 0 or -1,
and C is 0, 1 or the carry bit from XER (CA).

To consolidate all the add/subtract instructions into a single
OP_ADD, we add a column to decode_rom_t to indicate when A should
be inverted, and change the input_carry field to a 3-state selector
to select C in the equation above.

This also adds a new "CONST_M1" value for input_reg_b_t to indicate
that B is a constant -1.  This allows us to implement addme and
subfme.

The addex instruction appears not to exist, so the comments referring
to it are removed.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 58b06eb5f3 decode: Remove const fields from decode_rom_t
The const* fields of decode_rom_t drove multiplexers in decode2 that
picked out various instruction fields and put them into the const*
fields of the Decode2ToExecute1Type record, from where they were
used in execute1.  However, the code in execute1 can just as easily
use the appropriate fields of the original instruction word, since
that is now available in execute1.  This therefore changes the
code to do that, resulting in smaller decode tables.

Suggested-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras bbae2d1eda decode: Index minor op table with insn bits for opcode 31
This changes decode_op_31_array from being indexed by a ppc_insn_t
(which is derived from the instruction word by a whole series of
if/elsif statements) to being indexed directly by bits 10...1 of
the instruction word.  With this we no longer need ppc_insn.

This then means that the decode1 stage doesn't distinguish between
mfcr and mfocrf, or between mtcrf and mtocrf, since those are
distinguished by the value in bit 20 of the instruction.  To
accommodate that, execute1 changes so that the one op value (OP_MFCR)
does either the mfcr or the mfocrf behaviour depending on bit 20
of the instruction word; and similarly for mtcrf/mtocrf.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 21d3f8a5ed decode: Index minor op table with insn bits for opcode 30
This comprises the 64-bit rotate and mask instructions.  In order to
reduce the table index to 3 bits, we combine rldcl and rdlcr into a
single op (OP_RLDCX), and choose the right mask at execute time based
on bit 1 of the instruction word.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras 00e9f801f6 decode: Index minor op table with insn bits for opcode 19
This changes the decoding of major opcode 19 from using the ppc_insn_t
index to using bits of the instruction word directly.  Opcode 19 has
a 10-bit minor opcode field (bits 10..1) but the space is sparsely
filled.  Therefore we index a table of single-bit entries with the
10-bit minor opcode to filter out the illegal minor opcodes, and
index a table using just 3 bits -- 5, 3 and 2 -- of the instruction
to get the decode entry.  This groups together all the instructions
in 4 columns of the opcode map as a single entry.  That means that
mcrf and all the CR logical ops get grouped together, and bcctr, bclr
and bctar get grouped together.  At present the CR logical ops are not
implemented, so their grouping has no impact.

The code for bclr and bcctr in execute1 is now common, using a single
op, and it now determines the branch address by looking at bit 10 of
the instruction word at execute time.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras c9e92483b8 decode: Push mtspr/mfspr register decoding down into execute1
Instead of doing mfctr, mflr, mftb, mtctr, mtlr as separate ops,
just pass down mfspr and mtspr ops with the spr number and let
execute1 decode which SPR we're addressing.  This will help reduce
the number of instruction bits decode1 needs to look at.

In fact we now pass down the whole instruction from decode2 to
execute1.  We will need more bits of the instruction in future,
and the tools should just optimize away any that we don't end
up using.  Since the 'aa' bit was just a copy of an instruction
bit, we can now remove it from the record.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 3e6f656a90 Add MCRF instruction
Hopefully it's not too timing catastrophic. The variable newcrf will
be handy for the other CR ops when we implement them I suspect.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
5 years ago
Benjamin Herrenschmidt 554ae88540 Implement absolute branches
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard b57325ce29 Merge branch 'divider' of https://github.com/paulusmack/microwatt 5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 5a6f8d26d1 Rename OP_SUBFC -> OP_SUBFE, OP_ADDC -> OP_ADDE
These were somewhat badly named.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Paul Mackerras d5bc6c8824 Add a divider unit and a testbench for it
This adds a divider unit, connected to the core in much the same way
that the multiplier unit is connected.  The division algorithm is
very simple-minded, taking 64 clock cycles for any division (even
32-bit division instructions).

The decoding is simplified by making use of regularities in the
instruction encoding for div* and mod* instructions.  Instead of
having PPC_* encodings from the first-stage decoder for each of the
different div* and mod* instructions, we now just have PPC_DIV and
PPC_MOD, and the inputs to the divider that indicate what sort of
division operation to do are derived from instruction word bits.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 9867fb6149 Add a decode for the nop instruction
We want these to go out without any GPR dependencies, so add
a specific entry in decode for them.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard a2df2a10a2 Remove sim console
We can force all existing code to use the UART console
by passing 0 in bit zero of the sim config register.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 9687034d78 Add a decode bit to mark an instruction as single through the pipeline
This is used by the pipelining patches. Mark everyone as single through
the pipeline to start.

Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago
Anton Blanchard 5a29cb4699 Initial import of microwatt
Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@linux.ibm.com>
5 years ago