


library ieee;




use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;




use ieee.numeric_std.all;








library work;




use work.common.all;




use work.decode_types.all;








entity divider is




port (




clk : in std_logic;




rst : in std_logic;




d_in : in Decode2ToDividerType;




d_out : out DividerToWritebackType




);




end entity divider;








architecture behaviour of divider is

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



signal dend : std_ulogic_vector(128 downto 0);




signal div : unsigned(63 downto 0);




signal quot : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);




signal result : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);




signal sresult : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);




signal oresult : std_ulogic_vector(63 downto 0);




signal qbit : std_ulogic;




signal running : std_ulogic;




signal signcheck : std_ulogic;




signal count : unsigned(6 downto 0);




signal neg_result : std_ulogic;




signal is_modulus : std_ulogic;




signal is_32bit : std_ulogic;




signal extended : std_ulogic;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



signal is_signed : std_ulogic;




signal rc : std_ulogic;




signal write_reg : std_ulogic_vector(4 downto 0);

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



signal overflow : std_ulogic;




signal ovf32 : std_ulogic;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



signal did_ovf : std_ulogic;

Add basic XER support
The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of
the other XER fields.
This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly
used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32).
The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate
module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate
SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits.
We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to)
and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in
writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be
updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't
yet implement them).
To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This
assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div)
are running single issue for now.
One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction
in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback
latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value,
thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value.
I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct
but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that
stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal
tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute.
Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx.
[paulus@ozlabs.org  fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of
arguments to set_ov]
Signedoffby: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



signal oe : std_ulogic;




signal xerc : xer_common_t;




begin




divider_0: process(clk)




begin




if rising_edge(clk) then




if rst = '1' then




dend <= (others => '0');




div <= (others => '0');




quot <= (others => '0');




running <= '0';




count <= "0000000";




elsif d_in.valid = '1' then




if d_in.is_extended = '1' and not (d_in.is_signed = '1' and d_in.dividend(63) = '1') then

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



dend <= '0' & d_in.dividend & x"0000000000000000";




else

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



dend <= '0' & x"0000000000000000" & d_in.dividend;




end if;




div <= unsigned(d_in.divisor);




quot <= (others => '0');




write_reg <= d_in.write_reg;




neg_result <= '0';




is_modulus <= d_in.is_modulus;




extended <= d_in.is_extended;




is_32bit <= d_in.is_32bit;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



is_signed <= d_in.is_signed;




rc <= d_in.rc;

Add basic XER support
The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of
the other XER fields.
This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly
used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32).
The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate
module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate
SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits.
We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to)
and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in
writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be
updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't
yet implement them).
To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This
assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div)
are running single issue for now.
One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction
in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback
latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value,
thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value.
I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct
but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that
stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal
tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute.
Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx.
[paulus@ozlabs.org  fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of
arguments to set_ov]
Signedoffby: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



oe <= d_in.oe;




xerc <= d_in.xerc;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



count <= "1111111";




running <= '1';

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



overflow <= '0';




ovf32 <= '0';




signcheck <= d_in.is_signed and (d_in.dividend(63) or d_in.divisor(63));




elsif signcheck = '1' then




signcheck <= '0';




neg_result <= dend(63) xor (div(63) and not is_modulus);




if dend(63) = '1' then




if extended = '1' then

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



dend <= '0' & std_ulogic_vector( signed(dend(63 downto 0))) & x"0000000000000000";




else

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



dend <= '0' & x"0000000000000000" & std_ulogic_vector( signed(dend(63 downto 0)));




end if;




end if;




if div(63) = '1' then




div <= unsigned( signed(div));




end if;




elsif running = '1' then




if count = "0111111" then




running <= '0';




end if;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



overflow <= quot(63);




if dend(128) = '1' or unsigned(dend(127 downto 64)) >= div then




ovf32 <= ovf32 or quot(31);

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



dend <= std_ulogic_vector(unsigned(dend(127 downto 64))  div) &




dend(63 downto 0) & '0';




quot <= quot(62 downto 0) & '1';




count <= count + 1;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



elsif dend(128 downto 57) = x"000000000000000000" and count(6 downto 3) /= "0111" then




 consume 8 bits of zeroes in one cycle




ovf32 <= or (ovf32 & quot(31 downto 24));

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



dend <= dend(120 downto 0) & x"00";




quot <= quot(55 downto 0) & x"00";




count <= count + 8;




else




ovf32 <= ovf32 or quot(31);

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



dend <= dend(127 downto 0) & '0';




quot <= quot(62 downto 0) & '0';




count <= count + 1;




end if;




else




count <= "0000000";




end if;




end if;




end process;








divider_1: process(all)




begin




d_out.write_reg_nr <= write_reg;




d_out.rc <= rc;








if is_modulus = '1' then

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



result <= dend(128 downto 65);




else




result <= quot;




end if;




if neg_result = '1' then




sresult <= std_ulogic_vector( signed(result));




else




sresult <= result;




end if;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



did_ovf <= '0';




if is_32bit = '0' then




did_ovf <= overflow or (is_signed and (sresult(63) xor neg_result));




elsif is_signed = '1' then




if ovf32 = '1' or sresult(32) /= sresult(31) then

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



did_ovf <= '1';




end if;




else




did_ovf <= ovf32;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



end if;




if did_ovf = '1' then




oresult <= (others => '0');

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



elsif (is_32bit = '1') and (is_modulus = '0') then




 32bit divisions set the top 32 bits of the result to 0




oresult <= x"00000000" & sresult(31 downto 0);

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



else




oresult <= sresult;

divider: Return 0 for invalid and overflow cases, like P9 does
This adds logic to detect the cases where the quotient of the
division overflows the range of the output representation, and
return all zeroes in those cases, which is what POWER9 does.
To do this, we extend the dividend register by 1 bit and we do
an extra step in the division process to get a 2^64 bit of the
quotient, which ends up in the 'overflow' signal. This catches all
the cases where dividend >= 2^64 * divisor, including the case
where divisor = 0, and the divde/divdeu cases where RA >= RB.
Then, in the output stage, we also check that the result fits in
the representable range, which depends on whether the division is
a signed division or not, and whether it is a 32bit or 64bit
division. If dividend >= 2^64 or the result doesn't fit in the
representable range, write_data is set to 0 and write_cr_data to
0x20000000 (i.e. cr0.eq = 1).
POWER9 sets the top 32 bits of the result to zero for 32bit signed
divisions, and sets CR0 when RC=1 according to the 64bit value
(i.e. CR0.LT is always 0 for 32bit signed divisions, even if the
32bit result is negative). However, modsw with a negative result
sets the top 32 bits to all 1s. We follow suit.
This updates divider_tb to check the invalid cases as well as the
valid case.
This also fixes a small bug where the reset signal for the divider
was driven from rst when it should have been driven from core_rst.
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



end if;




end process;








divider_out: process(clk)




begin




if rising_edge(clk) then

Add basic XER support
The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of
the other XER fields.
This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly
used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32).
The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate
module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate
SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits.
We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to)
and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in
writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be
updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't
yet implement them).
To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This
assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div)
are running single issue for now.
One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction
in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback
latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value,
thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value.
I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct
but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that
stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal
tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute.
Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx.
[paulus@ozlabs.org  fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of
arguments to set_ov]
Signedoffby: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



d_out.valid <= '0';




d_out.write_reg_data <= oresult;

Add basic XER support
The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of
the other XER fields.
This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly
used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32).
The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate
module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate
SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits.
We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to)
and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in
writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be
updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't
yet implement them).
To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This
assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div)
are running single issue for now.
One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction
in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback
latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value,
thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value.
I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct
but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that
stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal
tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute.
Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx.
[paulus@ozlabs.org  fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of
arguments to set_ov]
Signedoffby: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



d_out.write_reg_enable <= '0';




d_out.write_xerc_enable <= '0';




d_out.xerc <= xerc;




if count = "1000000" then




d_out.valid <= '1';




d_out.write_reg_enable <= '1';

Add basic XER support
The carry is currently internal to execute1. We don't handle any of
the other XER fields.
This creates type called "xer_common_t" that contains the commonly
used XER bits (CA, CA32, SO, OV, OV32).
The value is stored in the CR file (though it could be a separate
module). The rest of the bits will be implemented as a separate
SPR and the two parts reconciled in mfspr/mtspr in latter commits.
We always read XER in decode2 (there is little point not to)
and send it down all pipeline branches as it will be needed in
writeback for all type of instructions when CR0:SO needs to be
updated (such forms exist for all pipeline branches even if we don't
yet implement them).
To avoid having to track XER hazards, we forward it back in EX1. This
assumes that other pipeline branches that can modify it (mult and div)
are running single issue for now.
One additional hazard to beware of is an XER:SO modifying instruction
in EX1 followed immediately by a store conditional. Due to our writeback
latency, the store will go down the LSU with the previous XER value,
thus the stcx. will set CR0:SO using an obsolete SO value.
I doubt there exist any code relying on this behaviour being correct
but we should account for it regardless, possibly by ensuring that
stcx. remain single issue initially, or later by adding some minimal
tracking or moving the LSU into the same pipeline as execute.
Missing some obscure XER affecting instructions like addex or mcrxrx.
[paulus@ozlabs.org  fix CA32 and OV32 for OP_ADD, fix order of
arguments to set_ov]
Signedoffby: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signedoffby: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
5 years ago



d_out.write_xerc_enable <= oe;








 We must test oe because the RC update code in writeback




 will use the xerc value to set CR0:SO so we must not clobber




 xerc if OE wasn't set.









if oe = '1' then




d_out.xerc.ov <= did_ovf;




d_out.xerc.ov32 <= did_ovf;




d_out.xerc.so <= xerc.so or did_ovf;




end if;




end if;




end if;




end process;








end architecture behaviour;
