You cannot select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
microwatt/decode_types.vhdl

105 lines
3.4 KiB
VHDL

library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
package decode_types is
type insn_type_t is (OP_ILLEGAL, OP_NOP, OP_ADD,
OP_AND, OP_ATTN, OP_B, OP_BC, OP_BCREG,
OP_BPERM, OP_CMP, OP_CMPB, OP_CMPEQB, OP_CMPRB,
OP_CNTZ, OP_CROP,
OP_DARN, OP_DCBF, OP_DCBST, OP_DCBT, OP_DCBTST,
OP_DCBZ, OP_DIV, OP_DIVE, OP_EXTS, OP_EXTSWSLI,
OP_FPOP, OP_FPOP_I,
OP_ICBI, OP_ICBT, OP_ISEL, OP_ISYNC,
OP_LOAD, OP_STORE,
OP_MCRXRX, OP_MFCR, OP_MFMSR, OP_MFSPR, OP_MOD,
OP_MTCRF, OP_MTMSRD, OP_MTSPR, OP_MUL_L64,
OP_MUL_H64, OP_MUL_H32, OP_OR,
OP_POPCNT, OP_PRTY, OP_RFID,
OP_RLC, OP_RLCL, OP_RLCR, OP_SC, OP_SETB,
OP_SHL, OP_SHR,
dcache: Implement data TLB This adds a TLB to dcache, providing the ability to translate addresses for loads and stores. No protection mechanism has been implemented yet. The MSR_DR bit controls whether addresses are translated through the TLB. The TLB is a fixed-pagesize, set-associative cache. Currently the page size is 4kB and the TLB is 2-way set associative with 64 entries per set. This implements the tlbie instruction. RB bits 10 and 11 control whether the whole TLB is invalidated (if either bit is 1) or just a single entry corresponding to the effective page number in bits 12-63 of RB. As an extension until we get a hardware page table walk, a tlbie instruction with RB bits 9-11 set to 001 will load an entry into the TLB. The TLB entry value is in RS in the format of a radix PTE. Currently there is no proper handling of TLB misses. The load or store will not be performed but no interrupt is generated. In order to make timing at 100MHz on the Arty A7-100, we compare the real address from each way of the TLB with the tag from each way of the cache in parallel (requiring # TLB ways * # cache ways comparators). Then the result is selected based on which way hit in the TLB. That avoids a timing path going through the TLB EA comparators, the multiplexer that selects the RA, and the cache tag comparators. The hack where addresses of the form 0xc------- are marked as cache-inhibited is kept for now but restricted to real-mode accesses. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
OP_SYNC, OP_TLBIE, OP_TRAP,
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
OP_XOR,
OP_BCD, OP_ADDG6S,
Add TLB to icache This adds a direct-mapped TLB to the icache, with 64 entries by default. Execute1 now sends a "virt_mode" signal from MSR[IR] to fetch1 along with redirects to indicate whether instruction addresses should be translated through the TLB, and fetch1 sends that on to icache. Similarly a "priv_mode" signal is sent to indicate the privilege mode for instruction fetches. This means that changes to MSR[IR] or MSR[PR] don't take effect until the next redirect, meaning an isync, rfid, branch, etc. The icache uses a hash of the effective address (i.e. next instruction address) to index the TLB. The hash is an XOR of three fields of the address; with a 64-entry TLB, the fields are bits 12--17, 18--23 and 24--29 of the address. TLB invalidations simply invalidate the indexed TLB entry without checking the contents. If the icache detects a TLB miss with virt_mode=1, it will send a fetch_failed indication through fetch2 to decode1, which will turn it into a special OP_FETCH_FAILED opcode with unit=LDST. That will get sent down to loadstore1 which will currently just raise a Instruction Storage Interrupt (0x400) exception. One bit in the PTE obtained from the TLB is used to check whether an instruction access is allowed -- the privilege bit (bit 3). If bit 3 is 1 and priv_mode=0, then a fetch_failed indication is sent down to fetch2 and to decode1, which generates an OP_FETCH_FAILED. Any PTEs with PTE bit 0 (EAA[3]) clear or bit 8 (R) clear should not be put into the iTLB since such PTEs would not allow execution by any context. Tlbie operations get sent from mmu to icache over a new connection. Unfortunately the privileged instruction tests are broken for now. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
4 years ago
OP_FETCH_FAILED
);
type input_reg_a_t is (NONE, RA, RA_OR_ZERO, CIA, FRA);
type input_reg_b_t is (NONE, RB, CONST_UI, CONST_SI, CONST_SI_HI, CONST_UI_HI, CONST_LI, CONST_BD,
CONST_DXHI4, CONST_DS, CONST_DQ, CONST_M1, CONST_SH, CONST_SH32, FRB);
type input_reg_c_t is (NONE, RS, RCR, FRC, FRS);
type output_reg_a_t is (NONE, RT, RA, FRT);
type rc_t is (NONE, ONE, RC);
type carry_in_t is (ZERO, CA, OV, ONE);
constant SH_OFFSET : integer := 0;
constant MB_OFFSET : integer := 1;
constant ME_OFFSET : integer := 1;
constant SH32_OFFSET : integer := 0;
constant MB32_OFFSET : integer := 1;
constant ME32_OFFSET : integer := 2;
constant FXM_OFFSET : integer := 0;
constant BO_OFFSET : integer := 0;
constant BI_OFFSET : integer := 1;
constant BH_OFFSET : integer := 2;
constant BF_OFFSET : integer := 0;
constant L_OFFSET : integer := 1;
constant TOO_OFFSET : integer := 0;
type unit_t is (NONE, ALU, LDST, FPU);
type facility_t is (NONE, FPU);
type length_t is (NONE, is1B, is2B, is4B, is8B);
core: Implement quadword loads and stores This implements the lq, stq, lqarx and stqcx. instructions. These instructions all access two consecutive GPRs; for example the "lq %r6,0(%r3)" instruction will load the doubleword at the address in R3 into R7 and the doubleword at address R3 + 8 into R6. To cope with having two GPR sources or destinations, the instruction gets repeated at the decode2 stage, that is, for each lq/stq/lqarx/stqcx. coming in from decode1, two instructions get sent out to execute1. For these instructions, the RS or RT register gets modified on one of the iterations by setting the LSB of the register number. In LE mode, the first iteration uses RS|1 or RT|1 and the second iteration uses RS or RT. In BE mode, this is done the other way around. In order for decode2 to know what endianness is currently in use, we pass the big_endian flag down from icache through decode1 to decode2. This is always in sync with what execute1 is using because only rfid or an interrupt can change MSR[LE], and those operations all cause a flush and redirect. There is now an extra column in the decode tables in decode1 to indicate whether the instruction needs to be repeated. Decode1 also enforces the rule that lq with RT = RT and lqarx with RA = RT or RB = RT are illegal. Decode2 now passes a 'repeat' flag and a 'second' flag to execute1, and execute1 passes them on to loadstore1. The 'repeat' flag is set for both iterations of a repeated instruction, and 'second' is set on the second iteration. Execute1 does not take asynchronous or trace interrupts on the second iteration of a repeated instruction. Loadstore1 uses 'next_addr' for the second iteration of a repeated load/store so that we access the second doubleword of the memory operand. Thus loadstore1 accesses the doublewords in increasing memory order. For 16-byte loads this means that the first iteration writes GPR RT|1. It is possible that RA = RT|1 (this is a legal but non-preferred form), meaning that if the memory operand was misaligned, the first iteration would overwrite RA but then the second iteration might take a page fault, leading to corrupted state. To avoid that possibility, 16-byte loads in LE mode take an alignment interrupt if the operand is not 16-byte aligned. (This is the case anyway for lqarx, and we enforce it for lq as well.) Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
3 years ago
type repeat_t is (NONE, -- instruction is not repeated
DUPD); -- update-form load
core: Implement quadword loads and stores This implements the lq, stq, lqarx and stqcx. instructions. These instructions all access two consecutive GPRs; for example the "lq %r6,0(%r3)" instruction will load the doubleword at the address in R3 into R7 and the doubleword at address R3 + 8 into R6. To cope with having two GPR sources or destinations, the instruction gets repeated at the decode2 stage, that is, for each lq/stq/lqarx/stqcx. coming in from decode1, two instructions get sent out to execute1. For these instructions, the RS or RT register gets modified on one of the iterations by setting the LSB of the register number. In LE mode, the first iteration uses RS|1 or RT|1 and the second iteration uses RS or RT. In BE mode, this is done the other way around. In order for decode2 to know what endianness is currently in use, we pass the big_endian flag down from icache through decode1 to decode2. This is always in sync with what execute1 is using because only rfid or an interrupt can change MSR[LE], and those operations all cause a flush and redirect. There is now an extra column in the decode tables in decode1 to indicate whether the instruction needs to be repeated. Decode1 also enforces the rule that lq with RT = RT and lqarx with RA = RT or RB = RT are illegal. Decode2 now passes a 'repeat' flag and a 'second' flag to execute1, and execute1 passes them on to loadstore1. The 'repeat' flag is set for both iterations of a repeated instruction, and 'second' is set on the second iteration. Execute1 does not take asynchronous or trace interrupts on the second iteration of a repeated instruction. Loadstore1 uses 'next_addr' for the second iteration of a repeated load/store so that we access the second doubleword of the memory operand. Thus loadstore1 accesses the doublewords in increasing memory order. For 16-byte loads this means that the first iteration writes GPR RT|1. It is possible that RA = RT|1 (this is a legal but non-preferred form), meaning that if the memory operand was misaligned, the first iteration would overwrite RA but then the second iteration might take a page fault, leading to corrupted state. To avoid that possibility, 16-byte loads in LE mode take an alignment interrupt if the operand is not 16-byte aligned. (This is the case anyway for lqarx, and we enforce it for lq as well.) Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
3 years ago
type decode_rom_t is record
unit : unit_t;
facility : facility_t;
insn_type : insn_type_t;
input_reg_a : input_reg_a_t;
input_reg_b : input_reg_b_t;
input_reg_c : input_reg_c_t;
output_reg_a : output_reg_a_t;
input_cr : std_ulogic;
output_cr : std_ulogic;
invert_a : std_ulogic;
invert_out : std_ulogic;
input_carry : carry_in_t;
output_carry : std_ulogic;
-- load/store signals
length : length_t;
byte_reverse : std_ulogic;
sign_extend : std_ulogic;
update : std_ulogic;
reserve : std_ulogic;
-- multiplier and ALU signals
is_32bit : std_ulogic;
is_signed : std_ulogic;
rc : rc_t;
lr : std_ulogic;
sgl_pipe : std_ulogic;
core: Implement quadword loads and stores This implements the lq, stq, lqarx and stqcx. instructions. These instructions all access two consecutive GPRs; for example the "lq %r6,0(%r3)" instruction will load the doubleword at the address in R3 into R7 and the doubleword at address R3 + 8 into R6. To cope with having two GPR sources or destinations, the instruction gets repeated at the decode2 stage, that is, for each lq/stq/lqarx/stqcx. coming in from decode1, two instructions get sent out to execute1. For these instructions, the RS or RT register gets modified on one of the iterations by setting the LSB of the register number. In LE mode, the first iteration uses RS|1 or RT|1 and the second iteration uses RS or RT. In BE mode, this is done the other way around. In order for decode2 to know what endianness is currently in use, we pass the big_endian flag down from icache through decode1 to decode2. This is always in sync with what execute1 is using because only rfid or an interrupt can change MSR[LE], and those operations all cause a flush and redirect. There is now an extra column in the decode tables in decode1 to indicate whether the instruction needs to be repeated. Decode1 also enforces the rule that lq with RT = RT and lqarx with RA = RT or RB = RT are illegal. Decode2 now passes a 'repeat' flag and a 'second' flag to execute1, and execute1 passes them on to loadstore1. The 'repeat' flag is set for both iterations of a repeated instruction, and 'second' is set on the second iteration. Execute1 does not take asynchronous or trace interrupts on the second iteration of a repeated instruction. Loadstore1 uses 'next_addr' for the second iteration of a repeated load/store so that we access the second doubleword of the memory operand. Thus loadstore1 accesses the doublewords in increasing memory order. For 16-byte loads this means that the first iteration writes GPR RT|1. It is possible that RA = RT|1 (this is a legal but non-preferred form), meaning that if the memory operand was misaligned, the first iteration would overwrite RA but then the second iteration might take a page fault, leading to corrupted state. To avoid that possibility, 16-byte loads in LE mode take an alignment interrupt if the operand is not 16-byte aligned. (This is the case anyway for lqarx, and we enforce it for lq as well.) Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
3 years ago
repeat : repeat_t;
end record;
constant decode_rom_init : decode_rom_t := (unit => NONE, facility => NONE,
insn_type => OP_ILLEGAL, input_reg_a => NONE,
input_reg_b => NONE, input_reg_c => NONE,
output_reg_a => NONE, input_cr => '0', output_cr => '0',
invert_a => '0', invert_out => '0', input_carry => ZERO, output_carry => '0',
length => NONE, byte_reverse => '0', sign_extend => '0',
update => '0', reserve => '0', is_32bit => '0',
core: Implement quadword loads and stores This implements the lq, stq, lqarx and stqcx. instructions. These instructions all access two consecutive GPRs; for example the "lq %r6,0(%r3)" instruction will load the doubleword at the address in R3 into R7 and the doubleword at address R3 + 8 into R6. To cope with having two GPR sources or destinations, the instruction gets repeated at the decode2 stage, that is, for each lq/stq/lqarx/stqcx. coming in from decode1, two instructions get sent out to execute1. For these instructions, the RS or RT register gets modified on one of the iterations by setting the LSB of the register number. In LE mode, the first iteration uses RS|1 or RT|1 and the second iteration uses RS or RT. In BE mode, this is done the other way around. In order for decode2 to know what endianness is currently in use, we pass the big_endian flag down from icache through decode1 to decode2. This is always in sync with what execute1 is using because only rfid or an interrupt can change MSR[LE], and those operations all cause a flush and redirect. There is now an extra column in the decode tables in decode1 to indicate whether the instruction needs to be repeated. Decode1 also enforces the rule that lq with RT = RT and lqarx with RA = RT or RB = RT are illegal. Decode2 now passes a 'repeat' flag and a 'second' flag to execute1, and execute1 passes them on to loadstore1. The 'repeat' flag is set for both iterations of a repeated instruction, and 'second' is set on the second iteration. Execute1 does not take asynchronous or trace interrupts on the second iteration of a repeated instruction. Loadstore1 uses 'next_addr' for the second iteration of a repeated load/store so that we access the second doubleword of the memory operand. Thus loadstore1 accesses the doublewords in increasing memory order. For 16-byte loads this means that the first iteration writes GPR RT|1. It is possible that RA = RT|1 (this is a legal but non-preferred form), meaning that if the memory operand was misaligned, the first iteration would overwrite RA but then the second iteration might take a page fault, leading to corrupted state. To avoid that possibility, 16-byte loads in LE mode take an alignment interrupt if the operand is not 16-byte aligned. (This is the case anyway for lqarx, and we enforce it for lq as well.) Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>
3 years ago
is_signed => '0', rc => NONE, lr => '0', sgl_pipe => '0', repeat => NONE);
end decode_types;
package body decode_types is
end decode_types;